Nom du corpus

Corpus Systématique Animale

Titre du document

Zooplankton feeding ecology

Lien vers le document
Éditeur
Springer (journals)
Langue(s) du document
Anglais
Type de document
Research-article
Nom du fichier dans la ressource
Poissons_v2b_003312
Auteur(s)
  • Jefferson T. Turner 1
  • Patricia A. Tester 1
  • William F. Hettler 1
Affiliation(s)
  • 1) National Marine Fisheries Service, NOAA, Southeast Fisheries Center, Beaufort Laboratory, 28516, Beaufort, North Carolina, USA
Résumé

Hjort proposed that fishery year-class fluctuations are due mainly to variable larval mortality, and that most mortality is due to early starvation. Some larvae die because they do not find enough zooplankton to eat, but others may die because zooplankton cat them. We examined predation upon eggs, yolk-sac, and/or first-feeding larvae of Atlantic menhaden (Brevoortia tyrannus), gulf menhaden (B. patronus) and spot (Leiostomus xanthurus) by adults of larger (Anomalocera ornata) and smaller (Centropages typicus) copepods. B. tyrannus eggs were too large for either copepod to grasp or ingest. A. ornata could grasp and apparently kill, but not ingest, the smaller L. xanthurus eggs, but C. typicus could not. Both yolk-sac and first-feeding B. tyrannus larvae and first feeding B. patronus larvae were grasped and completely consumed in<4 min by A. ornata. C. typicus ingested yolk-sac larvae of both fish, but not first-feeding larvae of either species. Ingestion rates by A. ornata were significantly related to prey density (ANOVA; p<0.001). Ingestion rates by C. typicus (<2 larvae copepod d-1) were much lower than those of the larger A. ornata (up to 14 larvae copepod d-1) at food concentrations of 10 to 50 larvae l-1. However, expressed as % copepod body carbon ingested copepod d-1, ration by the smaller copepod equalled or exceeded that of the larger. Since copepods and fish larvae can become concentrated together in surface windrows, copepod predation may represent a substantial source of mortality of fish larvae.

Catégories Science-Metrix
  • 1 - natural sciences
  • 2 - biology
  • 3 - marine biology & hydrobiology
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
  • 4 - invertebres
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - Ecology
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences ; 3 - Aquatic Science
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences ; 3 - Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Catégories WoS
  • 1 - science ; 2 - marine & freshwater biology
Identifiant ISTEX
189E6C7B2A5A70611C84EBB504EAA79C5708A19D
Revue

Marine Biology

Année de publication
1985
Présence de XML structuré
Non
Version PDF
1.3
Score qualité du texte
9.88
Sous-corpus
  • Poissons
Type de publication
Journal
ark:/67375/1BB-K21ZT0H5-N
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