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Corpus Systématique Animale

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Studies on food organisms of pelagic fishes as revealed by the 1979 North Atlantic Eel Expedition

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Springer (journals)
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Arthropodes_v2b_00871, Mollusques_v2b_00378
  • S. Appelbaum
  • Zoologisches Institut der Universität Hamburg, Martin-Luther-King-Platz 3, D-2000, Hamburg 13, Federal Republic of Germany

The extent to which pelagic fishes occurring in the Sargasso Sea and adjacent parts of the Atlantic prey on leptocephali (Anguilliformes) was investigated. Most of the fishes examined (c. 95%) were collected using a commercial pelagical trawl. The stomach contents of about 1000 fishes (25 species of 10 families), mostly belonging to the suborders Myctophoidei, Stomiatoidei and the order Anguilliformes, were examined. The remains of invertebrates, mainly crustaceans, molluscs, tunicates, chaetognaths, and siphonophores were found in 28.8 % of the stomachs. Fishes, mostly myctophids or fish remains, were observed in 11.2 % of the stomachs; 18.7 % contained unidentified items and 40.6 % were empty. Leptocephali (Ariosoma spp. andGnathophis sp.) were found in the alimentary tract of 0.5 % of the fishes examined, exclusively represented by the myctophid,Ceratoscopelus warmingii. This report indicates that the Sargasso Sea population ofAnguilla leptocephali, economically the most important eel, is not seriously affected by predation of oceanic fish species considered in this study.

Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
  • 4 - vertebres: zoologie generale, morphologie, phylogenese, systematique, cytogenetique, repartition geographique
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Earth and Planetary Sciences ; 3 - General Earth and Planetary Sciences
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - General Environmental Science
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Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen

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  • Arthropodes
  • Mollusques
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