Nom du corpus

Corpus Systématique Animale

Titre du document

Role of molecular species catabolism in the temperature-induced restructuring of phosphatidylcholines in liver microsomes of thermally-acclimated rainbow trout ( Oncorhynchus mykiss )

Lien vers le document
Éditeur
Springer (journals)
Langue(s) du document
Anglais
Type de document
Research-article
Mots-clés d'auteur
  • temperature acclimation
  • phosphatidylcholine
  • molecular species
  • catabolism
  • microsomes
  • liver
  • phospholipase
  • rainbow trout
Nom du fichier dans la ressource
Poissons_v2b_002990
Auteur(s)
  • Dr. Jeffrey R. Hazel
Affiliation(s)
  • Department of Zoology, LSC 226, Arizona State University, 85287-1501, Tempe, AZ, USA
Résumé

Most previous studies of the temperature-induced restructuring of phospholipid molecular species composition have examined steps in the biosynthesis of phospholipids to explain the accumulation of unsaturated fatty acids in membranes of cold-acclimated poikilotherms. In contrast, the present study explores the role of phospholipases in this restructuring process by determining the rates of degradation of specific molecular species of phosphatidylcholine, using enzymes (microsomes) freshly isolated from the liver of rainbow trout. (Oncorhynchus mykiss) acclimated to either 5° or 20°C. The substrate preparation employed to assay phospholipase activity possessed a range of molecular species, all radiolabeled with 1-14C-palmitic acid at thesn-1 position, similar to that present in native trout liver microsomes. After defined periods of incubation (120 and 240 min at 5°C; 60 and 120 min at 20°C), phospholipids were extracted from the reaction mixture and the distribution of radioactivity among the molecular species of phosphatidylcholine was determined by HPLC/liquid scintillation counting. In general, molecular species catabolism was not significantly influenced by either assay or acclimation temperature. Only in 20°C-acclimated fish did a reduction in assay temperature (from to 20 to 5°C) result in significantly increased proportions of radioactivity being recovered in one polyunsaturated fatty acid-containing species (16:0/22:6-PC). It is concluded: 1) that phospholipase specificity, assayed under conditions approximating thosein situ, is not significantly influenced by temperature; and 2), that the increased proportions of unsaturated fatty acid-containing molecular species of phosphatidylcholine observed at low temperatures must reflect the specificity of biosynthetic rather than degradative processes.

Catégories Science-Metrix
  • 1 - applied sciences
  • 2 - agriculture, fisheries & forestry
  • 3 - fisheries
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences ; 3 - Aquatic Science
  • 1 - Health Sciences ; 2 - Medicine ; 3 - General Medicine
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology ; 3 - Physiology
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology ; 3 - Biochemistry
Catégories WoS
  • 1 - science ; 2 - physiology
  • 1 - science ; 2 - fisheries
  • 1 - science ; 2 - biochemistry & molecular biology
Identifiant ISTEX
3DD3248A4F5902EF6D250DFE1EFE69C58E5CE857
Revue

Fish Physiology and Biochemistry

Année de publication
1996
Présence de XML structuré
Non
Version PDF
1.3
Score qualité du texte
9.928
Sous-corpus
  • Poissons
Type de publication
Journal
ark:/67375/1BB-JLTPG13W-Q
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