Nom du corpus

Corpus Systématique Animale

Titre du document

Burrow construction and behavior of tilefish, Lopholatilus chamaeleonticeps , in Hudson Submarine Canyon

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Springer (journals)
Langue(s) du document
Type de document
Mots-clés d'auteur
  • Branchiostegidae
  • Outer continental shelf
  • Burrows
  • Shelter seeking
  • Predator avoidance
  • Submersible
  • Atlantic
Nom du fichier dans la ressource
Arthropodes_v2b_01885, Poissons_v2b_005185
  • Kenneth W. Able 1
  • Churchill B. Grimes 2
  • Richard A. Cooper 3
  • Joseph R. Uzmann 3
  • 1) Department of Zoology and Center for Coastal and Environmental Studies, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
  • 2) Department of Horticulture and Forestry and Agricultural Experiment Station, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
  • 3) Northeast Fisheries Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, NOAA, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA

Synopsis: During 22 daylight submersible dives in August 1979 numerous juvenile and adult tilefish, Lopholatilus chamaeleonticeps, were observed in and around vertical burrows in the clay substrate of portions of Hudson submarine canyon in depths from 110–230 m. The size and shape of the burrows varied considerably with the smallest juveniles occupying simple vertical shafts in the substrate. Larger fish were found in much larger burrows (up to 4–5 m in diameter and at least 2–3 m deep) that were funnel shaped in cross-section with the upper conical portions containing numerous smaller burrows of associated crabs. The range of burrow sizes observed suggests a regular sequence of burrow construction by tilefish and the associated crabs. Both juvenile and adult tilefish swam into the burrows head first and exited tail first. This behavior, which would preclude the possibility of ambushing prey, and evidence of predation by sharks and other tilefish, suggests that the burrow is a refuge from predators. Tilefish burrows appear to serve as a focus for biological activity. Species associated with the burrows included galatheid crabs, Cancer sp., Acanthocarpus alexandri, Homarus americanus, Heliocolenus dactylopterus and Conger oceanicus. Tilefish may play an important role in structuring outer continental shelf communities. They physically shape their environment and probably have significant biological interactions with the species that associate with their burrows.

Catégories Science-Metrix
  • 1 - applied sciences
  • 2 - agriculture, fisheries & forestry
  • 3 - fisheries
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
  • 4 - vertebres: reproduction
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences ; 3 - Aquatic Science
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences ; 3 - Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Catégories WoS
  • 1 - science ; 2 - marine & freshwater biology
  • 1 - science ; 2 - ecology
Identifiant ISTEX

Environmental Biology of Fishes

Année de publication
Présence de XML structuré
Version PDF
Score qualité du texte
  • Arthropodes
  • Poissons
Type de publication
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