Nom du corpus

Corpus Systématique Animale

Titre du document

Effect of exercise on the plasma nonesterified fatty acid composition of dogs and goats: Species with different aerobic capacities and diets

Lien vers le document
Éditeur
Springer (journals)
Langue(s) du document
Anglais
Type de document
Research-article
Nom du fichier dans la ressource
Mammiferes_v2b_00447
Auteur(s)
  • Grant McClelland 1
  • Georges Zwingelstein 2
  • C. Richard Taylor 3
  • Jean-Michel Weber 1
Affiliation(s)
  • 1) Biology Department, University of Ottawa, 30 Marie Curie, K1N 6N5, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
  • 2) Institut Michel Pacha, Université de Lyon, 83500, La Seyne sur Mer, France
  • 3) Concord Field Station, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, 02138, Cambridge, Massachusetts
Résumé

The goals of this study were to determine: (i) whether mammals mobilize particular nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA) preferentially during locomotion, (ii) if differences in aerobic capacity or diet can affect the pattern of NEFA mobilization and (iii) which individual NEFA are most representative of total NEFA concentration changes, to use them as tracers for turnover studies. Individual NEFA were measured in trained dogs and goats (VO2max dog/VO2max goat=2.2; where VO2max=max-imal oxygen consumption) during treadmill exercise at 40 and 60% VO2max. Important interspecies differences in individual NEFA concentrations could be attributed to differences in aerobic capacity. The more aerobic species (dog) had much higher plasma NEFA concentrations for all but one NEFA (18?0), when compared with the low-aerobic species (goat). In addition, exercise caused a large increase in concentration of individual NEFA in the dogs, with the largest increases seen in 18?1 (150% above resting values) and 16?0 (60% increase), but it had no effect in goats. Therefore, the aerobic species has a much higher ability for mobilizing and transporting NEFA in plasma than its low-aerobic counterpart. Two NEFA accounted for more than half total plasma NEFA in both species, 18?1 (about 35% total NEFA) and 16?0 (20%). Calculation of variability in percent composition reveals that oleate and palmitate also closely reflect changes in total NEFA and are therefore the most appropriate tracers forin vivo kinetic studies in exercising mammals. Differences in diet and digestion physiology explained some differences in the plasma NEFA composition of the two species; this was reflected in the percent contributions of individual fatty acids to total NEFA: in dogs 18?1>16?0>18?2>18?0, while in goats 18?1>16?0>18?0>18?2. Also, only goats had 18?3 (6% total NEFA), a fatty acid of plant origin, while only dogs had 16?1 (7% total NEFA). Overall, however, the plasma NEFA composition of goats did not exactly reflect that of their diet due to preabsorptive modification of unsaturated fatty acids, while in dogs there was a good correlation between dietary and plasma NEFA.

Catégories Science-Metrix
  • 1 - health sciences
  • 2 - biomedical research
  • 3 - nutrition & dietetics
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences medicales
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology ; 3 - Cell Biology
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Chemistry ; 3 - Organic Chemistry
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology ; 3 - Biochemistry
Catégories WoS
  • 1 - science ; 2 - nutrition & dietetics
  • 1 - science ; 2 - biochemistry & molecular biology
Identifiant ISTEX
D547DF32BC1C427E1B99488C5714D1BE63F0F445
Revue

Lipids

Année de publication
1995
Présence de XML structuré
Non
Version PDF
1.3
Score qualité du texte
9.73
Sous-corpus
  • Mammiferes
Type de publication
Journal
ark:/67375/1BB-JCH7SVW6-X
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