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Corpus Systématique Animale

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Determination of organotin compounds in the foodweb of a shallow freshwater lake in The Netherlands

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Springer (journals)
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Oiseaux_v2b_00155, Poissons_v2b_000235
  • J. A. Stäb 1
  • T. P. Traas 2
  • G. Stroomberg 1
  • J. van Kesteren 1
  • P. Leonards 1
  • B. van Hattum 1
  • U. A. Th. Brinkman 3
  • W. P. Cofino 1
  • 1) Institute for Environmental Studies, Free University, De Boelelaan 1115, 1081 HV, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  • 2) National Institute of Public Health and Environmental Protection (RIVM), P.O. Box 1, 3720 BA, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
  • 3) Department of Analytical Chemistry, Free University, De Boelelaan 1083, 1081 HV, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

An extensive study on the presence of nine organotin compounds (OTs) in a freshwater foodweb was made, using newly developed analytical procedures in order to obtain insight in accumulation and degradation processes. Tributyltin (TBT), Triphenyltin (TPT) and their degradation products were detected. Zebra mussels, eel, roach, bream, pike, perch, and pike perch and cormorant showed high OT body concentrations. At the lower trophic levels, phenyltin concentrations were higher in benthic species while butyltin concentrations were higher in pelagic species. This indicates that TBT is passed on primarily via the water, while TPT is passed on to a larger extent via the sediment. At the higher trophic levels, net bioaccumulation of TPT was greater than that of TBT, resulting in relatively higher TPT concentrations. High concentrations of biodegradation products of TBT, but not of TPT, were found in the livers of fish and birds, which indicates that TBT is more easily metabolized than TPT. A comparison with literature data of fish lethal body concentrations revealed that fish in the field may be endangered. With birds, the highest concentrations of OTs were present in liver and kidney and not in subcutaneous fat, which confirms that OTs accumulate via different mechanisms than traditional lipophilic compounds. As a whole the OT concentrations found in the foodweb may be considered to be quite alarming.

Catégories Science-Metrix
  • 1 - health sciences
  • 2 - biomedical research
  • 3 - toxicology
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - Pollution
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics ; 3 - Toxicology
  • 1 - Health Sciences ; 2 - Medicine ; 3 - General Medicine
Catégories WoS
  • 1 - science ; 2 - toxicology
  • 1 - science ; 2 - environmental sciences
Identifiant ISTEX

Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology

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  • Oiseaux
  • Poissons
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