Nom du corpus

Corpus Systématique Animale

Titre du document

Comparative sensitivity of gametes and early developmental stages of a sea urchin species ( Echinometra mathaei ) and a bivalve species ( Isognomon californicum ) during metal exposures

Lien vers le document
Éditeur
Springer (journals)
Langue(s) du document
Anglais
Type de document
Research-article
Nom du fichier dans la ressource
Echinodermes_v2b_0236, Mollusques_v2b_00657
Auteur(s)
  • Amy Huffman Ringwood
Affiliation(s)
  • Duke University Marine Laboratory, Pivers Island, 28516-9721, Beaufort, North Carolina, USA
Résumé

Bioassays were developed using sperm of a sea urchin (Echinometra mathaei), and sperm, embryos, and larvae of a bivalve species (Isognomon californicum). Sea urchin spawning was restricted to only a few months of the year and viability of sperm throughout the year varied from 5 to 75%. Sea urchin fertilization assays were affected by temporal variation in sperm viability. Spawning in this bivalve species occurs year-round and there is little temporal variation in sperm viability. Since stringent sperm:egg ratios are not required for the bivalve embryo and larval assays, these were less affected by variation in gamete quality. The relative sensitivity of the various assays were compared during exposure to three different metal pollutants: cadmium, copper, and tributyltin. Gametes and embryos were relatively resistant to cadmium toxicity, but larvae were very sensitive. With copper and tributyltin, sea urchin and bivalve fertilization assays were the least sensitive; and bivalve growth assays were the most sensitive, followed closely by the bivalve embryo assays. On the basis of sensitivity, ease and time required to conduct the assay, and salinity tolerance, the bivalve embryo assay was recommended as the overall single most reliable toxicity bioassay. However a multispecies, multidimensional approach using sperm fertilization assays as well as embryo assays should be employed, perhaps in a hierarchal manner. Larval growth assays were deemed too tedious and time consuming to be used routinely, but due to their high sensitivity, should still be considered as a valuable comparative tool.

Catégories Science-Metrix
  • 1 - health sciences
  • 2 - biomedical research
  • 3 - toxicology
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - Pollution
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics ; 3 - Toxicology
  • 1 - Health Sciences ; 2 - Medicine ; 3 - General Medicine
Catégories WoS
  • 1 - science ; 2 - toxicology
  • 1 - science ; 2 - environmental sciences
Identifiant ISTEX
D3931C8A3690D64698F2B210A94836CC22AA0297
Revue

Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology

Année de publication
1992
Présence de XML structuré
Non
Version PDF
1.3
Score qualité du texte
9.916
Sous-corpus
  • Echinodermes
  • Mollusques
Type de publication
Journal
ark:/67375/1BB-J0K1W17S-T
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