Nom du corpus

Corpus Systématique Animale

Titre du document

Sex ratios and sexual differences in size among mesopelagic fishes from the central Pacific Ocean

Lien vers le document
Éditeur
Springer (journals)
Langue(s) du document
Anglais
Type de document
Research-article
Nom du fichier dans la ressource
Poissons_v2b_005067
Auteur(s)
  • T. A. Clarke
Affiliation(s)
  • Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawaii, P.O. Box 1346, 96744, Kaneohe, Hawaii, USA
Résumé

Population sex ratio, size at maturity and maximum size of both sexes were determined for 22 species of mesopelagic fishes in order to document the occurence and consider the ecological significance of deviations from even sex ratio and equal-sized sexes. Specimens were collected in oblique trawls near Hawaii between August 1977 and October 1978. Eight species (mostly small myctophids) appeared to have even sex ratios and no sexual differences in size. In some other myctophids and most stomiatoids, females were either more abundant or larger than males, and consequently the biomass of mature females in the population was greater than that of mature males. Such differences mean that there must be sexual differences in ages at maturity, growth rates, or mortality rates, but adequate data on these are not available. The adaptive value of such sexual differences may be to maximize eggproducing biomass and minimize intraspecific competition in a situation where food resources are low; however, equally plausible alternate hypotheses need to be tested. Sex ratio favored males in two melamphaid species, and the relative biomass of males in the populations was greater than in comparable myctophids or stomiatoids. Although this pattern means decreased egg production per population biomass, it also means increased probability of females encountering males. This increase may be particularly important to the melamphaid species because they have no luminous organs or other sexual dimorphisms to facilitate communication.

Catégories Science-Metrix
  • 1 - natural sciences
  • 2 - biology
  • 3 - marine biology & hydrobiology
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - Ecology
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences ; 3 - Aquatic Science
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences ; 3 - Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Catégories WoS
  • 1 - science ; 2 - marine & freshwater biology
Identifiant ISTEX
8E396953246D93F774BE10C3B88DF1CDF650EC89
Revue

Marine Biology

Année de publication
1983
Présence de XML structuré
Non
Version PDF
1.3
Score qualité du texte
9.653
Sous-corpus
  • Poissons
Type de publication
Journal
ark:/67375/1BB-HJNPCH95-F
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