Nom du corpus

Corpus Systématique Animale

Titre du document

The spatial population dynamics of insects exploiting a patchy food resource

Lien vers le document
Éditeur
Springer (journals)
Langue(s) du document
Anglais
Type de document
Research-article
Mots-clés d'auteur
  • Density dependence
  • Parasitoids
  • Population growth
  • Population persistence
  • Resources
Nom du fichier dans la ressource
Insectes_v2b_00932
Auteur(s)
  • J. P. Dempster 1
  • D. A. Atkinson 1
  • O. D. Cheesman 1
Affiliation(s)
  • 1) Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, CB2 3EJ, Cambridge, UK
Résumé

The population dynamics of insects in a spatially fragmented environment were studied by examining three main aspects of their ecology, namely, rates of local population extinction, density dependence in population change, and movements between populations. Ten phytophagous insects and seven parasitoids inhabiting the flowerheads of two herbaceous plants, Centaurea nigra and Arctium minus, were studied by monitoring their populations on more than 50 patches of each plant, scattered over 5 km2 of arable farmland. The results were used to test the relative importance of immigration and of local population regulation to population persistence. This paper describes the rates of local extinction of the various species and the density-dependent factors operating on their populations. Local extinction was found to be a regular feature of these populations, especially on the smaller patches of the plants. Density dependence was identified in the changes in population sizes between generations of eight species (five herbivores and three parasitoids). Parasitoids appeared to be incapable of regulating their host populations, in the four host species for which we have data. Populations of all species were, however, limited by their food resources, and their numbers tracked changes, both spatially and temporally, in resource availability. The implications of these findings to population theory are discussed.

Catégories Science-Metrix
  • 1 - natural sciences
  • 2 - biology
  • 3 - ecology
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences ; 3 - Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Catégories WoS
  • 1 - science ; 2 - ecology
Identifiant ISTEX
2C496937A45818E4CA8257F44DC3C264FC6AC5B7
Revue

Oecologia

Année de publication
1995
Présence de XML structuré
Non
Version PDF
1.3
Score qualité du texte
9.484
Sous-corpus
  • Insectes
Type de publication
Journal
ark:/67375/1BB-H8381R8W-Z
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