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Corpus Systématique Animale

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A rapid and sensitive method for gas chromatographic analysis of the selective piscicide, “Squaxon”

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  • Joe Gabica 1
  • W. W. Benson 1
  • Michael Watson 1
  • 1) Idaho Epidemiologic Studies Program Department of Health and Welfare, Environmental Services Division, Statehouse, 83720, Boise, Idaho

“Squaxon” (1,1'methylenedi-2 napthol; bis (2 hydroxy-1-napthyl) methane) was discovered by MacPhee and Ruelle (1968, 1969) to exhibit piscicidal properties that are highly species specific. The chemical is lethal to the Northern (Ptychocheilus oregonensis) and the Umpqua (P. umpquae) squawfish, freshwater cyprinids common to the Pacific Northwest, at water treatment concentrations of less than 100 parts per billion (ppb). Other species of fish, including the more desirable salmonids with which the squawfish competes ecologically, are unaffected until this dosage has been increased severalfold. Because squawfish are widely regarded as undesirable for food or sporting purposes, and because competition from squawfish has severly depleted salmonid populations in some areas (Thompson, 1959; Jeppson and Platts, 1959) the potential use of squaxon for fisheries improvement is quite obvious. Squaxon is currently being tested for this purpose on an experimental basis in selected areas in Idaho, Oregon and Washington, pending federal clearance for more widespread application. Commercially formulated squaxon currently being field tested is dispersed as an ethanolic solution of the monosodium salt. The treatment solution consists of 39.5 per cent (by weight) 1,1? methylene-di-2 napthol dissolved in 60 per cent denatured ethyl alcohol. Traces of sodium hydroxide are also present in the commercial solution (Keating, 1972). We report here an analytical method by which petroleum ether-extracted, brominated squaxon can be quickly and easily detected in water and fish tissue by electron capture gas chromatography.

Catégories Science-Metrix
  • 1 - natural sciences
  • 2 - earth & environmental sciences
  • 3 - environmental sciences
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
  • 4 - ecologie animale, vegetale et microbienne
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - Pollution
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics ; 3 - Toxicology
  • 1 - Health Sciences ; 2 - Medicine ; 3 - General Medicine
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  • 1 - science ; 2 - toxicology
  • 1 - science ; 2 - environmental sciences
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Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology

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