Nom du corpus

Corpus Systématique Animale

Titre du document

Metapopulation theory and habitat fragmentation: a review of holarctic breeding bird studies

Lien vers le document
Springer (journals)
Langue(s) du document
Type de document
Mots-clés d'auteur
  • landscape ecology
  • habitat fragmentation
  • metapopulation
  • forest birds
  • dispersal
  • patch size
  • isolation
Nom du fichier dans la ressource
  • Paul Opdam
  • Department of Landscape Ecology, Research Institute for Nature Management, P.O. Box 46, 3956 ZR, Leersum, The Netherlands

Metapopulations are conceived as spatially structured populations consisting of distinct units (subpopulations), separated by space or barriers, and connected by dispersal movements. Metapopulations characteristically demonstrate a turnover of local populations going extinct and becoming re-established, resulting in a distribution pattern that shifts over time. Metapopulation theory is used to analyse the effects of habitat fragmentation on birds in the temperate zone, integrating various explanations for the paucity of species in isolated ecotopes. There is some evidence that turnover of local populations occurs in fragmented systems. A few studies based on time series demonstrate the local extinction rate to be related to the size of the habitat fragment, whereas the recolonization rate depends on the degree of isolation. Most evidence comes from short-term pattern studies in which the probability of occurrence was found to depend on the size of habitat fragments, on their relative position in the landscape and on the density of corridors lowering the landscape resistance. These data are consistent with predictions from metapopulation theory. However, almost all investigations consider wood fragmentation in agricultural landscapes, and there is a great need for studies in naturally fragmented landscapes as well as for studies focussing on other, less predictable, habitat types.

Catégories Science-Metrix
  • 1 - natural sciences
  • 2 - biology
  • 3 - ecology
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - Nature and Landscape Conservation
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - Ecology
  • 1 - Social Sciences ; 2 - Social Sciences ; 3 - Geography, Planning and Development
Catégories WoS
  • 1 - science ; 2 - geosciences, multidisciplinary
  • 1 - science ; 2 - geography, physical
  • 1 - science ; 2 - ecology
Identifiant ISTEX

Landscape Ecology

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  • Oiseaux
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