Nom du corpus

Corpus Systématique Animale

Titre du document

Macrozoobenthic assemblages in littoral sediments in the enclosed Rhine-Meuse Delta

Lien vers le document
Springer (journals)
Langue(s) du document
Type de document
Mots-clés d'auteur
  • macro-invertebrate assemblages
  • sediment type
  • immigrant species
  • palaeoecology
  • river Rhine
Nom du fichier dans la ressource
  • Henk Smit 1
  • Joan A. Van Der Velden 1
  • Alexander Klink 2
  • 1) Institute for Inland Water Management and Wastewater Treatment (RIZA), Van Leeuwenhoekweg 20, NL-3316 AV, Dordrecht, The Netherlands
  • 2) Hydrobiologisch Adviesburo Klink, Boterstraat 28, NL-6703 CW, Wageningen, The Netherlands

Littoral macrozoobenthos in the enclosed Rhine-Meuse Delta was investigated by taking 95 sediment samples from 17 sites between 1984 and 1990. In addition, a set of environmental parameters was determined. The aim was to identify the main assemblages and the environmental conditions under which they occur. By the use of TWINSPAN, three main littoral zoobenthic assemblages were distinguished, which were related to geographical zones and differences in sediment grain size distribution. The ‘litoral river sand’ assemblage was found in the most upstream part; it mainly consisted of ‘interstitial’ invertebrates, including the indicator speciesVejdovskiella comata, Propappus sp. andKloosia pusilla. The ‘littoral sedimentation area silt’ assemblage was dominated byGammarus tigrinus, Einfeldia dissidens andPisidium sp. It was found in several river sections and contained the indicator speciesEinfeldia dissidens, Potamopyrgus antipodarum andValvata piscinalis. The ‘littoral sandy basin’ assemblage was concentrated in the littoral fine sands of the Haringvliet and contained the indicator speciesPisidium henslowanum, P. moitessierianum, Cladotanytarsus sp. andLipiniella arenicola. These three assemblages are the reflection of an interaction between habitat, food and disturbance. Palaeoecological analysis of insect remains revealed that 14 out of the 24 insect taxa, that were formerly common in the river sand habitat, are now extinct from the Rhine. The river silt habitat seems less impoverished: two out of the 19 insect taxa found in palaeoecological analysis are now extinct from the Rhine and seven are rate. Exotic species (Corbicula fluminea, C. fluminalis andCorophium curvispinum) have recently colonized the Rhine-Meuse Delta, but their impact on the macrozoobenthos seems limited.Corbicula spp. have become abundant in the ‘littoral river sand’ assemblage only.

Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
  • 4 - ecologie animale, vegetale et microbienne
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences ; 3 - General Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Identifiant ISTEX

Netherland Journal of Aquatic Ecology

Année de publication
Présence de XML structuré
Version PDF
Score qualité du texte
  • Insectes
Type de publication
Powered by Lodex 9.3.8