I examined the relationship between temperature and agonistic behavior in the crayfish Cambarus latimanus LeConte a species which is reproductively active in winter. Crayfish were acclimated for 2 wks at 9.5, 14, 22 and 30°C in summer and at 9.5 and 22°C in winter. Agonistic behavior of pairs of the same sex was recorded for 1 h following acclimation. The entire acclimation, testing, and temperature-readjustment procedure was repeated until all crayfish pairs had been tested at each acclimation temperature. Published information on lobsters and catfish indicate that agonistic behavior is directly related to temperature. In contrast, for C. latimanus in the present study, duration of total agonistic behavior, maximum duration of a single agonistic interaction, and average length of a agonistic encounter were all inversely related to acclimation temperature. I hypothesized that for ectothermic species whose agonistic behavior is closely associated with reproductive processes (including competition for mates) the level of agonism will vary either directly or inversely depending upon whether the reproductive period is cued by increasing or decreasing seasonal temperatures, respectively.
- 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
- 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
- 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
- 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences ; 3 - Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics