Nom du corpus

Corpus Systématique Animale

Titre du document

The accumulation of low molecular weight aromatic hydrocarbons of crude oil by coho salmon ( Oncorhynchus kisutch ) and starry flounder ( Platichthys stellatus )

Lien vers le document
Éditeur
Springer (journals)
Langue(s) du document
Anglais
Type de document
Research-article
Nom du fichier dans la ressource
Poissons_v2b_002033
Auteur(s)
  • William T. Roubal 1
  • Susan I. Stranahan 1
  • Donald C. Malins 1
Affiliation(s)
  • 1) Environmental Conservation Division, Northwest and Alaska Fisheries Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, NOAA, 2727 Montlake Boulevard East, 98112, Seattle, Washington
Résumé

Coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) and starry flounder (Platichthys stellatus) were exposed to 0.9±0.1 ppm of a water-soluble fraction (WSF) of Prudhoe Bay crude oil in flowing sea water. Both species accumulated a complex spectrum of low molecular weight aromatic hydrocarbons. Bioconcentration factors (ppm hydrocarbon based on dry weight of tissue/ ppm hydrocarbon in flow-through water) for most hydrocarbons in starry flounder muscle were substantially higher than for coho salmon muscle. After two weeks of exposure, for example, there were 17 ppm (dry weight of tissue) of C4- and C5-substituted benzenes in muscle of starry flounder (bioconcentration factor of 1,700) but only 1.5 ppm of these compounds occurred in muscle of coho salmon (bioconcentration factor of 150). Generally, alkylated aromatic hydrocarbons accumulated in tissues to a greater degree than unsubstituted derivatives. In both species, accumulations of substituted benzenes and naphthalenes in muscle increased in relation to the degree of alkylation. Complex mixtures of aromatic hydrocarbons were found in gills and liver of starry flounder. Accumulated hydrocarbons in coho salmon exposed for six weeks fell below limits of detection within a week when fish were transferred to clean water. Starry flounder exposed for two weeks retained substantial concentrations (7 to 26 ppm) of C2-C3-substituted naphthalene and C4-C5-substituted benzenes in muscle two weeks after the termination of exposure. Substantial variations were found in bioconcentration factors for individual hydrocarbons in both species. Thus the data reflect difficulties in relating specific sources of petroleum pollution to hydrocarbon profiles in tissues.

Catégories Science-Metrix
  • 1 - health sciences
  • 2 - biomedical research
  • 3 - toxicology
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
  • 4 - ecologie animale, vegetale et microbienne
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - Pollution
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics ; 3 - Toxicology
  • 1 - Health Sciences ; 2 - Medicine ; 3 - General Medicine
Catégories WoS
  • 1 - science ; 2 - toxicology
  • 1 - science ; 2 - environmental sciences
Identifiant ISTEX
F1B3486C3A6BF4CDE62ED5F47836D97FD2C32278
Revue

Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology

Année de publication
1978
Présence de XML structuré
Non
Version PDF
1.3
Score qualité du texte
9.494
Sous-corpus
  • Poissons
Type de publication
Journal
ark:/67375/1BB-F35BCSGF-K
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