Nom du corpus

Corpus Systématique Animale

Titre du document

Energy substrates for eggs and prefeeding larvae of the dolphin Coryphaena hippurus

Lien vers le document
Springer (journals)
Langue(s) du document
Type de document
Nom du fichier dans la ressource
  • A. C. Ostrowski 1
  • S. Divakaran 1
  • 1) The Oceanic Institute, Makapuu Point, P.O. Box 25280, 96825, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA

Changes in the chemical composition of developing dolphin (Coryphaena hippurus) eggs and prefeeding yolksac larvae were determined in order to estimate probable dietary requirements of first-feeding larvae. Daily dry matter, protein nitrogen (PN), non-protein nitrogen (NPN), lipid, gross energy content, fatty acid and amino acid profiles from Day 1 to Day 2 eggs and Day 1 to Day 3 larvae were compared. Lipid was the primary endogenous energy source accounting for the daily caloric deficit through both the egg and larval stages, except over the day of hatching. The catabolism of lipid by embryos (0.078 cal d?1) was greater than that by yolksac larvae (0.036 cal d?1). The higher demand for energy by embryos was related to a greater rate of protein synthesis during the egg stage. The ratio of PN:NPN increased during egg development without change in total nitrogen content, but was constant throughout the yolksac larvae period. The lipid content per embryo did not decrease over the hatching period (Day 2 to 3, postspawning). However, there was a loss in amino acid content not totally accounted for by sloughing of the chorion at hatching. This loss, as protein, accounted for 0.053 cal of gross energy, which represented 70% of the total estimated energy needs of the fish over this period. Loss of non-essential amino acids (25%) was higher than that of essential amino acids (13%). Proline and tyrosine accounted for 32% of the total loss of amino acids at this time. The only preferential use of fatty acids over any period was a small but significant drop in the content of C22:6n-3 prior to the onset of feeding (Day 5, postspawning). It is speculated that the pattern of energy-substrate use of first-feeding dolphin larvae will reflect the pattern of endogenous energy use during the egg and prefeeding yolksac larval stages. Diets or feeding regimens with lipid as the primary energy source, and containing a fatty acid profile similar to that of eggs or yolksac larvae, should be useful in culturing this species, at least during the early feeding stages.

Catégories Science-Metrix
  • 1 - natural sciences
  • 2 - biology
  • 3 - marine biology & hydrobiology
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
  • 4 - vertebres: systeme digestif
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - Ecology
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences ; 3 - Aquatic Science
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences ; 3 - Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Catégories WoS
  • 1 - science ; 2 - marine & freshwater biology
Identifiant ISTEX

Marine Biology

Année de publication
Présence de XML structuré
Version PDF
Score qualité du texte
  • Poissons
Type de publication
Powered by Lodex 9.3.8