Structure and feeding activities of zooplankton community in Lake Zwemlust, in the two years after biomanipulation
- Vijverhof Laboratory, Limnological Institute, Rijksstraatweg 6, 3631 AC, Nieuwersluis, The Netherlands
The biomanipulation study in Lake Zwemlust (area 1.5 ha; mean depth 1.5 m) is among the series of such investigations initiated recently in The Netherlands. The effects of the lake's reffilling (after it was first completely drained empty) almost entirely the nutrient-rich seepage water from the River Vecht flowing nearby and of removal of the planktivorous bream (Abramis brama), on zooplankton community structure and feeding activities of crustaceans were monitored for two successive years (1987, 1988). In these years a classical pattern of succession occurred, with the rotifer spring maximum preceding the crustacean maximum by about 3 weeks. Among the fiveDaphnia species, which appeared in quick succession during May–July, two were large-bodied forms (D. magna; D. pulex). OnlyD. pulex persisted and was the important grazer species in the second year, especially in spring. In the first year the crustacean grazing, with several values >100%.d?1, contributed significantly to the lake's improved water clarity, with Secchi-disc transparencies of 1.5 m and more almost throughout the summer, compared with 0.3 m before the biomanipulation. Even though the water clarity climate in the second year was quite similar to that in the first, the causal factor was high macrophytic vegetation, rather than zooplankton grazing. The lake developed a rich littoral flora and fauna in the second year in response to the optimal light and nutrient conditions. Apparently, the predation by the introduced planktivorous rudd (Scardinius erythrophthalmus) on zooplankton was an important factor in the changes in zooplankton structure, and in the reduced role of zooplankton in seston elimination during the second year. There is some evidence from bioassay work that, simultaneously with the littoral development, nitrogen limitation of the phytoplankton also contributed to the improved light situation in the second year.
- 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
- 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
- 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
- 4 - ecologie animale, vegetale et microbienne
- 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences ; 3 - General Agricultural and Biological Sciences