Nom du corpus

Corpus Systématique Animale

Titre du document

The urban pigeon ( Columba livia, Forma urbana ) — A biomonitor for the lead burden of the environment

Lien vers le document
Éditeur
Springer (journals)
Langue(s) du document
Anglais
Type de document
Research-article
Nom du fichier dans la ressource
Oiseaux_v2b_01297
Auteur(s)
  • Gustav A. Drasch 1
  • Dagmar Walser 2
  • Josef Kösters 2
Affiliation(s)
  • 1) Institut für Rechtsmedizin der Ludwig-Maximilians, Universität München, Frauenlobstr. 7a, D-8000, München 2, Germany
  • 2) Institut für Geflügelkrankheiten der Ludwig, Maximilians-Universität München, Mittenheimer Str. 54, D-8042, Oberschleißheim, Germany
Résumé

The concentrations of lead in the femura (Pb-F) and the 5-aminolaevulinic-acid-dehydratase in blood (ALA-D) have been determined in three pigeon populations (50 birds each), caught at urban sites with different traffic densities. The following mean concentrations were found (Pb-F [mg/kg wet wt.]/ALA-D [U/I]): 10.7/18.8 in the low burdened group, 27.9/10.8 in the moderate burdened group, and 49.5/5.6 in the high burdened group. These values were compared with a controlled group of 50 farm pigeons from two remote pigeonries, sited well away from motorways (Pb-F: 1.0/ALA-D: 35.6). The result was a strong positive correlation of the Pb-F and an inverse correlation of the ALA-D to the number of cars per day at the different sites. These local effects contributed much more to the differences of the Pb-F and ALA-D (in comparison with the rural pigeons) than the over-all elevated lead background level in the city. It has been concluded that the pigeon is an almost ideal animal for monitoring a narrow range of environmental lead burden. The main reason for this is that this species is exceptionally stationary; the usual ranges of the feeding, nesting, and sleeping sites of the pigeon are not greater than several hundred meters.

Catégories Science-Metrix
  • 1 - natural sciences
  • 2 - earth & environmental sciences
  • 3 - environmental sciences
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences medicales
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - Pollution
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - General Environmental Science
  • 1 - Health Sciences ; 2 - Medicine ; 3 - General Medicine
Catégories WoS
  • 1 - science ; 2 - environmental sciences
Identifiant ISTEX
82F1736D0D14742C11DDD16CA655D1DF3EF62173
Revue

Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

Année de publication
1987
Présence de XML structuré
Non
Version PDF
1.3
Score qualité du texte
7.534
Sous-corpus
  • Oiseaux
Type de publication
Journal
ark:/67375/1BB-D473Z3S9-D
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