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Corpus Systématique Animale

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Evolutionary diversity of reverse (R) fluorescent chromosome bands in vertebrates

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Batraciens_v2b_00448, Mammiferes_v2b_02246, Poissons_v2b_004308, Reptiles_v2b_00763
  • Michael Schmid 1
  • Martina Guttenbach 1
  • 1) Department of Human Genetics, University of Würzburg, Koellikerstrasse 2, D-8700, Würzburg, Germany

Mitotic chromosomes, interphase cell nuclei, and male meiosis of 41 species representing all vertebrate classes were analyzed with distamycin A/mithramycin counterstaining. The purpose of the study was to recognize differences and common characteristics in the reverse (R) fluorescent banding patterns in the chromosomes of vertebrate species at various stages of evolution. In contrast to the warm-blooded mammals and birds, the euchromatic segments in the chromosomes of most reptiles, amphibians, and fishes contain no multiple fluorescent R-bands. This is thought to be due to the absence of the long homogeneous regions (isochores) in the DNA of the cold-blooded vertebrates. Distamycin A/mithramycin banding specifically reveals the GC-rich constitutive heterochromatin in all vertebrates. In most of the vertebrate chromosomes examined, the heterochromatic regions have opposite staining properties with mithramycin and quinacrine. Mithramycin labels the nucleolus organizer regions very brightly in the karyotypes of fishes, amphibians, reptiles and birds, but not of mammals. The lack of mithramycin fluorescence at the nucleolus organizer regions of mammals is attributed to the relatively low level of redundancy of the GC-rich ribosomal DNA in their genomes. Studies on the various meiotic stages of the cold-blooded vertebrates show that the mithramycin labeling of the nucleolus organizers is independent of their state of activity. This can be confirmed by mithramycin fluorescence at the nucleoli of actinomycintreated cells.

Catégories Science-Metrix
  • 1 - health sciences
  • 2 - biomedical research
  • 3 - developmental biology
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Health Sciences ; 2 - Medicine ; 3 - Genetics(clinical)
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology ; 3 - Genetics
Catégories WoS
  • 1 - science ; 2 - genetics & heredity
  • 1 - science ; 2 - biochemistry & molecular biology
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  • Batraciens
  • Mammiferes
  • Poissons
  • Reptiles
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