Seasonal aspects of the biology and diet of nearshore nototheniid fish at Potter Cove, South Shetland Islands, Antarctica
- 1) División Biología, Instituto Antártico Argentino, Cerrito 1248, 1010, Buenos Aires, República Argentina
Approximately 1000 specimens belonging to eight fish species were collected at Potter Cove, King George Island, South Shetland Islands, from August 1985 to May 1986. This study deals with the dominant species Notothenia neglecta, Notothenia gibberifrons, Trematomus newnesi and Notothenia rossii marmorata. Age and size structure of the fish were analyzed using scale and otolith readings. Notothenia neglecta was the most abundant species. It spawns in the austral autumn. Juvenile N. rossii marmorata migrate offshore when sexually mature. Over eight hundred stomach contents were analyzed. The four species studied were generally benthophagous. However, in summer T. newnesi and N. rossii marmorata, carried out vertical migrations, feeding on pelagic organisms. Gammarid amphipods constituted the main food in all four species. Algae were consumed regularly throughout the year and we suggest that they are intentially eaten by the fish, rather than by accident. Two 48 hour sampling periods, carried out in summer of 1987, showed that N. neglecta was more active during the day.
- 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
- 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
- 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
- 4 - vertebres: zoologie generale, morphologie, phylogenese, systematique, cytogenetique, repartition geographique
- 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences ; 3 - General Agricultural and Biological Sciences