Nom du corpus

Corpus Systématique Animale

Titre du document

Successive changes in distribution patterns as an adaptive strategy in the bivalve Macoma balthica (L.) in the Wadden sea

Lien vers le document
Éditeur
Springer (journals)
Langue(s) du document
Anglais
Type de document
Research-article
Nom du fichier dans la ressource
Arthropodes_v2b_01876
Auteur(s)
  • J. J. Beukema
Affiliation(s)
  • Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, P. O. Box 59, 1790 AB, Den Burg, Texel, The Netherlands
Résumé

During their first year in the Wadden Sea, high proportions of the tidal-flat populations of the tellinid bivalveMacoma balthica (L.) redistribute twice: immediately after their settlement in late spring, the postlarvae show a net transportation in a shoreward direction — whereas in the subsequent winter, the grown spat move in the reverse direction. As a consequence of these two periods of high mobility, distribution patterns shift twice: though initial settlement takes place mainly in the lower half of the intertidal, most spat grow to a size of ?0.5 cm in the upper half of it, whereas most adults live in the middle and lower zones. The successive distribution patterns of spat and olderMacoma are described in detail for Balgzand, an extensive tidal-flat area in the westernmost part of the Wadden Sea. Long-term observations in this area and published evidence from other areas are used to evaluate the suitability of different tidal zones as a habitat for successive life stages ofMacoma. For spat, the upper zone is a more favourable habitat than the lower, because predation pressure (mainly from shrimp) and disturbance are less and growth is more rapid. For adults, the upper parts are no longer a favourable habitat, because the few animals that stay suffer from high parasite load, low survival, slow growth and low reproductive output. It is concluded that in their successive life stages the majority ofM. balthica live at the intertidal level most favourable to them. The strategy of timely shifts to areas more suitable to the next life stage contributes to the success of the species: it is the most widespread and common (and one of the most stable) macrozoobenthic species in the Wadden Sea.

Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
  • 4 - ecologie animale, vegetale et microbienne
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Earth and Planetary Sciences ; 3 - General Earth and Planetary Sciences
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - General Environmental Science
Identifiant ISTEX
44B739EA38A054B85F49421487F379A4AA742BEE
Revue

Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen

Année de publication
1993
Présence de XML structuré
Non
Version PDF
1.3
Score qualité du texte
10
Sous-corpus
  • Arthropodes
Type de publication
Journal
ark:/67375/1BB-9GBSZRC9-5
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