Nom du corpus

Corpus Systématique Animale

Titre du document

A review of the taxonomy and speciation of the genus Echinococcus Rudolphi 1801

Lien vers le document
Éditeur
Springer (journals)
Langue(s) du document
Anglais
Type de document
Review-article
Nom du fichier dans la ressource
Vers_v2b_00233
Auteur(s)
  • L. M. Kumaratilake 1
  • R. C. A. Thompson 1
Affiliation(s)
  • 1) Division of Veterinary Biology, School of Veterinary Studies, Murdoch University, 6150, Murdoch, Western Australia, Australia
Résumé

The taxonomy ofEchinococcus is reviewed and consideration given to speciation within the genus. The morphological and other biological characteristics of all species and subspecies so far described are given, and evidence for the existence of other intraspecific variants is presented. A total of 16 species have been described but only four have well-defined characteristics and are generally accepted as being taxonomically valid;E. granulosus, E. multilocularis, E. oligarthrus andE. vogeli. The taxonomic status of intraspecific variants is uncertain. Some authorities consider that the majority of described subspecies are invalid taxonomically. However, concern is expressed that previous taxonomic considerations ofEchinococcus have not taken into account the nature of its reproductive mechanism which, like that of most cestodes, defies the application of traditional taxonomic concepts and definitions derived from dioecious cross-fertilising organisms. At the present time intraspecific variants ofEchinococcus are referred to as strains. The existence of such strains, particularly ofE. granulosus, in different parts of the world is firmly established. Their importance in the epidemiology of hydatidosis has high-lighted the needed to establish criteria for their differentiation and characterisation. The limitations of morphology as a sole differential criterion are emphasised. Attention is given to recent studies on strain variation which have demonstrated the value of applying several different criteria in which the developmental, physiological and biochemical characteristics of different strains are compared in conjunction with morphological investigations.

Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Immunology and Microbiology ; 3 - Parasitology
Identifiant ISTEX
A0448A1E3C7A9266218C4B04C9E5DA836257206E
Revue

Zeitschrift für Parasitenkunde

Année de publication
1982
Présence de XML structuré
Non
Version PDF
1.3
Score qualité du texte
9.712
Sous-corpus
  • Vers
Type de publication
Journal
ark:/67375/1BB-9D2JXR0J-5
Powered by Lodex 9.3.8