Nom du corpus

Corpus Systématique Animale

Titre du document

Impact of Chaoborus predation upon the structure and dynamics of a crustacean zooplankton community

Lien vers le document
Éditeur
Springer (journals)
Langue(s) du document
Anglais
Type de document
Research-article
Nom du fichier dans la ressource
Arthropodes_v2b_00970
Auteur(s)
  • William E. Neill
Affiliation(s)
  • Institute of Animal Resource Ecology and Deparment of Zoology, University of British Columbia, V6T 1W5, Vancouver, Canada
Résumé

During ice-free seasons of 1975, 1977 and 1978, replicated experimental alteration of spring densities of predatory Chaoborus larvae inside 20–27 m3 enclosures in a fishless oligotrophic lake had relatively small, but significant, short-term effects upon prey species abundances. Enhancement of predator densities generally had greater numerical effects relative to controls than did complete removal of predators. With the exceptions Diaphanosoma and Bosmina under artificially elevated Chaoborus densities, numerical effects on prey species did not persist for more than a few weeks after midsummer in these 3 years. During cooler 1976, however, much larger Chaoborus effects in May and June persisted into September. Low temperatures and small initial population densities slowed population growth and tended to increase the proportion of each species' recruitment lost to Chaoborus predation. As water temperatures increased during 3 of 4 summers, rapid juvenile development and compensating increase in adult fertility generally permitted most prey species to escape regulation by these large, univoltine and semivoltine predators. With growing prey population size, declining food levels suppressed crustacean fecundity in July and August, thereby permitting predatory losses to climb again to substantial fractions of the reduced prey recruitment. Nevertheless, prey densities in predator-free and control or predator-enhanced enclosures differed little from July through September (except in 1976). Thus, summer population growth of most prey species seemed more limited by food shortages than by predators per se. Growth of individual zooplankters was affected by food availability during critical periods in July and August in all years, and Chaoborus predation seemed to influence the timing of this food limitation in at least 2 of the 4 years

Catégories Science-Metrix
  • 1 - natural sciences
  • 2 - biology
  • 3 - ecology
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences ; 3 - Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Catégories WoS
  • 1 - science ; 2 - ecology
Identifiant ISTEX
A38BB78EC6B2350C4A7956DE0FDFBD7F605FDBC8
Revue

Oecologia

Année de publication
1981
Présence de XML structuré
Non
Version PDF
1.3
Score qualité du texte
10
Sous-corpus
  • Arthropodes
Type de publication
Journal
ark:/67375/1BB-95DGWCV6-B
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