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Corpus Systématique Animale

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Chinook salmon NADP+-dependent cytosolic isocitrate dehydrogenase: Electrophoretic and genetic dissection of a complex isozyme system and geographic patterns of variation

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Springer (journals)
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  • isocitrate dehydrogenase
  • isoloci
  • salmonid
  • electromorph
  • inheritance
  • polymorphism
  • fisheries
Nom du fichier dans la ressource
  • James B. Shaklee 1
  • Stevan R. Phelps 1
  • 1) Washington Department of Fisheries, 115 General Administration Building, 98504, Olympia, Washington

Species in the genusOncorhynchus express complicated isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDHP) isozyme patterns in many tissues. Subcellular localization experiments show that the electrophoretically distinct isozymes of low anodal mobility expressed predominantly in skeletal and heart muscle are mitochondrial forms (mIDHP), while the more anodal, complex isolocus isozyme system predominant in liver and eye is cytosolic (sIDHP). The two loci encoding sIDHP isozymes are considered isoloci because the most common allele at one of these loci cannot be separated electrophoretically from the most common allele of the other. Over 12 electrophoretically detectable alleles are segregating at the twosIDHP* loci in chinook salmon. Careful electrophoretic comparisons of the sIDHP isozyme patterns of muscle, eye, and liver extracts of heterozygotes reveal marked differences between the tissues with regard to both relative isozyme staining and the expression of several common alleles. Presumed single-dose heterozygotes at the sIDHP isolocus isozyme system exhibit approximate 9:6:1 ratios of staining intensity in liver and eye, while they exhibit approximate 1:2:1 ratios in skeletal muscle. The former proportions are consistent with the equal expression of two loci (isolocus expression), while the latter are consistent with the expression of a single locus. Screening of over 10,000 fish from spawning populations and mixed-stock fishery samples revealed that certain variant alleles (*127, *50) are detectable only in liver and eye, while other alleles (*129, *94, and *74) are strongly expressed in muscle, eye, and liver. The simplest explanation for these observations is that the “isolocus” sIDHP system of chinook salmon (and that of steelhead and rainbow trout) results from the expression of two distinct loci (sIDHP-1* andsIDHP-2*) that have the same common allele (as defined by electrophoretic mobility). IDHP expression in skeletal muscle is due to the nearly exclusive expression of thesIDHP-1* locus, while IDHP expression in eye and liver tissues is due to high levels of expression of bothsIDHP-1* andsIDHP-2*—giving rise to the isolocus situation in these latter tissues. Direct inheritance studies confirm this model of two genetically independent (disomic) loci encoding sIDHP in chinook salmon. Extensive geographic surveys of chinook salmon populations from California to British Columbia reveal marked differences in allele frequencies at bothsIDHP-1* andsIDHP-2* and considerably more interpopulation differentiation than was recognized previously when sIDHP was treated as an isolocus system with only five recognized alleles. These observations, coupled with examples of allele frequencies from several Washington fisheries, demonstrate the value of this refined interpretation of sIDHP isozyme expression to the GSI analysis of population structure and mixed-stock fisheries.

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  • 1 - natural sciences
  • 2 - biology
  • 3 - evolutionary biology
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
  • 4 - genetique des eucaryotes. evolution biologique et moleculaire
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology ; 3 - Genetics
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology ; 3 - Molecular Biology
  • 1 - Health Sciences ; 2 - Medicine ; 3 - General Medicine
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences ; 3 - Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology ; 3 - Biochemistry
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  • 1 - science ; 2 - genetics & heredity
  • 1 - science ; 2 - biochemistry & molecular biology
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Biochemical Genetics

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