Nom du corpus

Corpus Systématique Animale

Titre du document

Trophic web structure in a shallow eutrophic lake during a dominance shift from phytoplankton to submerged macrophytes

Lien vers le document
Éditeur
Springer (journals)
Langue(s) du document
Anglais
Type de document
Research-article
Nom du fichier dans la ressource
Oiseaux_v2b_00594, Poissons_v2b_000966
Auteur(s)
  • A. Hargeby 1
  • G. Andersson 1
  • I. Blindow 1
  • S. Johansson 1
Affiliation(s)
  • 1) Dept. of Ecology, Limnology, University of Lund, P.O. Box 65, S-22100, Lund, Sweden
Résumé

In Lake Krankesjön, southern Sweden, sago pondweed (Potamogeton pectinatus L.) and a stonewort (Chara tomentosa L.) expanded spatially during the second half of the 1980's after more than a decade of phytoplankton blooms and sparse submerged vegetation. During the expansion of submerged plants the number of resting and breeding waterfowl increased. The increase was significant for herbivorous birds such as coot (Fulica atra L.) and mute swan (Cygnus olor (Gmelin)), but also for omnivorous dabbling ducks. The shift from phytoplankton to submerged macrophytes caused structural changes on higher trophic levels, and an altered trophic web developed. The density of planktonic Cladocera decreased, which is suggested to be a result of decreased phytoplankton productivity and biomass as nutrient levels dropped. The benthic macroinvertebrate assemblage changed from low diversity and biomass dominated by Chironomidae and Oligochaeta on bare sediment, to high diversity and biomass characterized by plant-associated forms like snails and isopods in areas covered by macrovegetation. The mean size of perch (Perca fluviatilis L.) increased, probably as a result of higher availability of macroinvertebrates in the vegetation. The perch reached a mean size where the species is known to shift to a fish diet, permitting an increased top down effect on the ecosystem. The results support the idea that shallow eutrophic lakes can shift between two states, each one stabilized by feed-back mechanisms including both biotic and abiotic factors. Shifts between these states are suggested to be a possible explanation for observed drastic changes in abundance of waterfowl in shallow eutrophic lakes.

Catégories Science-Metrix
  • 1 - natural sciences
  • 2 - biology
  • 3 - marine biology & hydrobiology
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
  • 4 - ecologie animale, vegetale et microbienne
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences ; 3 - Aquatic Science
Catégories WoS
  • 1 - science ; 2 - marine & freshwater biology
Identifiant ISTEX
421D79703D2A1048701FF1390268915D12624B76
Revue

Hydrobiologia

Année de publication
1994
Présence de XML structuré
Non
Version PDF
1.3
Score qualité du texte
8.448
Sous-corpus
  • Oiseaux
  • Poissons
Type de publication
Journal
ark:/67375/1BB-8DPV3166-D
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