Nom du corpus

Corpus Systématique Animale

Titre du document

Plasma lipoproteins and liver lipids in two breeds of geese with different susceptibility to hepatic steatosis: Changes induced by development and force-feeding

Lien vers le document
Éditeur
Springer (journals)
Langue(s) du document
Anglais
Type de document
Research-article
Nom du fichier dans la ressource
Oiseaux_v2b_02428
Auteur(s)
  • Dominique Hermier 1,2
  • Ali Saadoun 2
  • Marie-Rose Salichon 2
  • Nadine Sellier 3
  • Daniel Rousselot-Paillet 3
  • M. John Chapman 1
Affiliation(s)
  • 1) INSERM U.321, Pavillon, B. Delessert, Hopital de la Pitié, 83 Bd de l'Hopital, 75651, Paris Cedex 13, France
  • 2) Station de Recherches Avicoles, INRA, Nouzilly, 37380, Monnale, France
  • 3) Station experimentale de l'Oie, INRA, Artiguères, 40002, Mont de Marsan Cedex, France
Résumé

Susceptibility to fatty liver in the force-fed goose is partly under genetic control. However, the mechanisms leading to liver steatosis in this avian model are poorly understood, but may involve perturbation in hepatic lipoprotein synthesis. Plasma lipoproteins were fractionated by density gradient ultracentrifugation from plasma of geese differing in their susceptibility to liver steatosis (Landes breed, highly susceptible; Rhine breed, partly resistant). The concentrations and chemical compositions of the major lipoprotein classes (VLDL, IDL, LDL and HDL) were characterized at 8, 22 and 27 wk of age and compared to the lipid composition of the corresponding liver. In non-force-fed geese, the lipoprotein profile was typical of birds, with high-density lipoprotein (HDL) predominating (4–5 g/L). However, at 22 and 27 wk of age, very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) levels were significantly lower in Landes geese suggesting that this breed may possess a lower ability to export liver lipids, which would explain its susceptibility to liver steatosis when overfed. The livers of force-fed geese were specifically enriched in triglyceride, and to a lesser extent, in cholesteryl esters and non-esterified fatty acids as compared to those of control geese of the same age (27 wk). This accumulation of lipids was more pronounced in the Landes breed and was responsible for the higher liver weight in that breed. In both breeds, liver steatosis was accompanied by an increase in plasma levels of HDL (11 g/L), whereas low-density lipoproteins were essentially absent. An increase in VLDL plasma levels occurred in the Landes breed only (2.51 g/Lvs 1.85 g/L in the Rhine breed), and was positively correlated with liver weight. However, VLDL in force-fed geese in both breeds were deficient in triglyceride (28–29% by wt) but enriched in cholesterol (41% by wt). These results indicate that a defect in the incorporation of triglyceride into nascent hepatic VLDL may result in liver steatosis in this species.

Catégories Science-Metrix
  • 1 - health sciences
  • 2 - biomedical research
  • 3 - nutrition & dietetics
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology ; 3 - Cell Biology
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Chemistry ; 3 - Organic Chemistry
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology ; 3 - Biochemistry
Catégories WoS
  • 1 - science ; 2 - nutrition & dietetics
  • 1 - science ; 2 - biochemistry & molecular biology
Identifiant ISTEX
FF108113B4568F7D6C058C32ECEB86AE96E1F7DF
Revue

Lipids

Année de publication
1991
Présence de XML structuré
Non
Version PDF
1.3
Score qualité du texte
10
Sous-corpus
  • Oiseaux
Type de publication
Journal
ark:/67375/1BB-882WSZ6K-J
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