Nom du corpus

Corpus Systématique Animale

Titre du document

An experimental study of body size and food size relations in crucian carp, Carassius carassius

Lien vers le document
Springer (journals)
Langue(s) du document
Type de document
Mots-clés d'auteur
  • Feeding behavior
  • Handling time
  • Intraspecific competition
  • Multiple prey processing
  • Prey choice
  • Stunting
  • Cyprinidae
Nom du fichier dans la ressource
  • Cynthia A. Paszkowski 1
  • William M. Tonn 1
  • Ismo J. Holopainen 2
  • 1) Department of Zoology, University of Alberta, T6G 2E9, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
  • 2) Department of Biology, University of Joensuu, P.O. Box 111, SF-80101, Joensuu, Finland

Synopsis: In dense, single-species assemblages of crucian carp, competition is intense and results in populations of stunted fish. To explore mechanisms underlying this competition, we measured handling times, return rates, and prey choice for five sizes of crucian carp feeding on six sizes of a standardized food. Handling times increased with prey size and decreased with fish size. Return rates (dry mass ingested per unit handling time) increased dramatically with fish size, and generally decreased with increasing prey size, especially for small fish. Patterns of return rates among size-classes suggested that one or more size-related shifts in feeding efficiency exist for crucian carp; combined with physiological stresses related to winter anoxia, the inability of fish to make these shifts may contribute to size structures observed in high-density populations. Comparisons of relations among fish size, prey size, and return rates for crucian carp and bluegill, Lepomis macrochirus, suggest that similar intraspecific competitive relations exist between generalist species with size-structured populations. Despite differences in return rates among prey sizes, the extent of food selectivity based on prey size exhibited by crucian carp in two types of choice trials was less than predicted. Crucian carp commonly take in several items before mechanically processing food with their pharyngeal apparatus; this multiple prey processing may contribute to disparities between observed choice patterns and those predicted based on return rates for single prey.

Catégories Science-Metrix
  • 1 - applied sciences
  • 2 - agriculture, fisheries & forestry
  • 3 - fisheries
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences ; 3 - Aquatic Science
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences ; 3 - Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Catégories WoS
  • 1 - science ; 2 - marine & freshwater biology
  • 1 - science ; 2 - ecology
Identifiant ISTEX

Environmental Biology of Fishes

Année de publication
Présence de XML structuré
Version PDF
Score qualité du texte
  • Poissons
Type de publication
Powered by Lodex 9.3.8