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Corpus Systématique Animale

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Estimation of production properties of mollusk populations

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  • A. N. Golikov 1,2
  • V. V. Menshutkin 1,2
  • 1) Zoological Institute, Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Leningrad, USSR
  • 2) Institute of Evolutionary Physiology and Biochemistry, Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Leningrad, USSR

In 8 intermittently reproducing mollusk species, it was possible to estimate production properties on the basis of the population's size-weight structure. The increase in weight of individuals and the variations in the number of individuals per population allow to calculate the annual growth production of a population from quantitative samples obtained at different seasons. A mathematical model was employed to simulate natural production processes of a population. The computor programme yielded estimates of “pure production” in the sense of previous authors, and revealed that 4 samples taken in different seasons are sufficient for determining the average annual production with an error of less than 5%. When the average annual growth production is estimated from a single sampling, the best results are received from analysing a population in the middle of the period during which the young appear. Supporting production (quantity of substances formed and retained by a population within 1 year) secures the dynamic numerical balance in a population of a given age structure. Its Ps/B coefficient (Ps: supporting production; B: biomass) changes only insignificantly within 1 year, and is inversely proportional to the maximum age of individuals prevalent in the population. Related species and species with similar size-weight indices have a similar growth rate and approximately similar growth-curve characteristics. The rate of production is related with the species' thermal properties; different biogeographical groups of species attain their maximum productivity in different seasons. Even in certain parts of the same coastal basin (which differ in their temperature regime), production processes of one and the same species may vary. Seasonal fluctuations in productivity are highest in species with short life cycles and in populations subjected to marked environmental changes. Numerical stability is a constant property of populations as long as the hydrobiological environment does not change significantly over the years. Quantitative relationships between supporting production, biomass and growth production may serve as a measure for assessing the degree of the industrial exploitation of a population.

Catégories Science-Metrix
  • 1 - natural sciences
  • 2 - biology
  • 3 - marine biology & hydrobiology
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - Ecology
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences ; 3 - Aquatic Science
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences ; 3 - Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Catégories WoS
  • 1 - science ; 2 - marine & freshwater biology
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Marine Biology

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  • Mollusques
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