Nom du corpus

Corpus Systématique Animale

Titre du document

Evaluation of the flora and fauna of a Spartina alterniflora marsh established on dredged material in Winyah Bay, South Carolina

Lien vers le document
Éditeur
Springer (journals)
Langue(s) du document
Anglais
Type de document
Research-article
Mots-clés d'auteur
  • Dredged material
  • Spartina alterniflora
  • manmade marsh
  • above/below-ground vegetation
  • macrofauna
  • fishes and shellfishes
Nom du fichier dans la ressource
Mollusques_v2b_00580, Poissons_v2b_002901
Auteur(s)
  • Mark W. LaSalle 1
  • Mary C. Landin 2
  • Jerre G. Sims 2
Affiliation(s)
  • 1) Coastal Research and Extension Center, Mississippi State University, 2710 Beach Blvd., Suite 1-E, 39531, Biloxi, MS
  • 2) Environmental Laboratory, U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station, 3909 Halls Ferry Rd, 39180, Vicksburg, MS
Résumé

Approximately 35 hectares ofSpartina alterniflora marsh has, over a 14-year period, developed naturally on unconfined dredged material placed within the intertidal zone of Winyah Bay, South Carolina. The above-and below-ground vegetative structure, benthic macrofauna, and resident fish and shellfish assemblages of two varying-aged zones (4 and 8 years) of this marsh were evaluated and compared in September 1988. Vegetative structure (stem height, density, percent cover, and biomass) in both zones was within the range reported for natural sites, with a trend toward greater below-ground development with age. The macrofaunal assemblages of both zones were similar in both species composition and numbers of species (17–21 species), with oligochaetes and polychaetes dominating both assemblages. Overall density of macrofauna in the 8-year-old zone (19,943 individuals per m2) was significantly greater than that in the 4-year-old zone (4,628 individuals per m2). Differences between zones (particularly the presence of large-bodied molluscs in the older site) seemed to reflect age. The fish and shellfish assemblage collected from the younger site was dominated byFundulus heteroclitus andPalaemonetes pugio. Gut contents ofF. heteroclitus included a variety of marsh-surface prey, similar to that reported elsewhere. Overall, both zones seemed to represent well established, viable, low intertidal marsh habitat.

Catégories Science-Metrix
  • 1 - natural sciences
  • 2 - biology
  • 3 - ecology
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - General Environmental Science
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - Ecology
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - Environmental Chemistry
Catégories WoS
  • 1 - science ; 2 - environmental sciences
  • 1 - science ; 2 - ecology
Identifiant ISTEX
A4882419F2B34FD173363A8DF36E7C49B73D1656
Revue

Wetlands

Année de publication
1991
Présence de XML structuré
Non
Version PDF
1.3
Score qualité du texte
9.247
Sous-corpus
  • Mollusques
  • Poissons
Type de publication
Journal
ark:/67375/1BB-6P00HT98-N
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