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Corpus Systématique Animale

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Naturally high levels of zinc and metallothionein in liver of several species of the squirrelfish family from Queensland, Australia

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  • C. Hogstrand 1
  • C. Haux 1
  • 1) Zoological Institute, Department of Zoophysiology, University of Göteborg, Medicinaregatan 18, S-41390, Göteborg, Sweden

Recently, we found that liver of squirrelfish (Holocentrus rufus) from Bermuda contains remarkably high concentrations of metallothionein (MT) and Zn. To clarify the nature and cause of the Zn accumulation, four Holocentridae species from three genera (Neoniphon sammara, Sargocentron spiniferum, Myripristis violacea, and Myripristis murdjan) were collected from a totally different area, the Great Barrier Reef, Australia. The average hepatic Zn levels in these species ranged from 67 ?g g-1 (S. spiniferum) to 1000 ?g g-1 (N. sammara). The intraspecies variation in the hepatic Zn level was pronounced. In both N. sammara and M. murdjan, there was a 48-fold difference between the lowest and the highest Zn concentration. Zn accumulation was closely correlated to a dramatically elevated concentration of MT in liver. In N. sammara, which possessed the highest level of MT among the investigated species, the mean hepatic MT concentration was 19 500 ?g g-1. Subcellular fractionation of the liver showed that MT was responsible for the binding of up to 74% of the hepatic Zn. The concentrations of MT and Zn in gills were low, suggesting that Zn storage in fish within this family is tissue-specific. The results further indicate that the high concentrations of MT and Zn in Holocentridae liver are linked to normal physiological processes. We suggest that the Holocentridae family may be a unique model for future studies of Zn metabolism and the function of MT.

Catégories Science-Metrix
  • 1 - natural sciences
  • 2 - biology
  • 3 - marine biology & hydrobiology
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
  • 4 - invertebres
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - Ecology
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences ; 3 - Aquatic Science
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences ; 3 - Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
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  • 1 - science ; 2 - marine & freshwater biology
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Marine Biology

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