Nom du corpus

Corpus Systématique Animale

Titre du document

Effects of microhabitat and metabolic rate on food intake, growth and fecundity of two competing coral reef fishes

Lien vers le document
Éditeur
Springer (journals)
Langue(s) du document
Anglais
Type de document
Research-article
Nom du fichier dans la ressource
Poissons_v2b_000688
Auteur(s)
  • R. D. Clarke
Affiliation(s)
  • Biology Department, Sarah Lawrence College, 10708, Bronxville, New York, USA
Résumé

Spinyhead blennies (Acanthemblemaria spinosa) and roughhead blennies (A. aspera) are planktivorous hole-dwelling fishes that live in dead coral skeletons. Both species are known to choose shelters high above the reef surface (although spinyheads displace roughheads downwards). To test the hypothesis that this preference is due to greater plankton availability in higher locations, fish were placed on artificial habitats located 15 cm and 100 cm above the surface of a natural reef. Both species experienced higher feeding rates, growth rates, and fecundities in high locations, and spinyhead rates generally exceeded roughhead rates at a given height. Under laboratory conditions, oxygen consumption by spinyheads was 1.6 times greater than that of roughheads and this corresponds well with the 1.8 ratio of feeding rates under controlled aquarium conditions. This information provides a partial explanation for the observed microhabitat distribution and resulting coexistence of these competing species: it is hypothesized that spinyheads have an advantage in agonistic interactions because of their higher metabolic rates, thus excluding roughheads from high sites, but that roughheads can persist at low sites because their lower metabolic rates result in lower food demands. A model is presented that predicts varying occurrences and vertical distributions of these species in locations with different zooplankton densities.

Catégories Science-Metrix
  • 1 - natural sciences
  • 2 - biology
  • 3 - marine biology & hydrobiology
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences ; 3 - Aquatic Science
Catégories WoS
  • 1 - science ; 2 - marine & freshwater biology
Identifiant ISTEX
FDD8798D4B823BD25E515502504A4CA143EFC987
Revue

Coral Reefs

Année de publication
1992
Présence de XML structuré
Non
Version PDF
1.3
Score qualité du texte
9.46
Sous-corpus
  • Poissons
Type de publication
Journal
ark:/67375/1BB-58Q3BG6H-7
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