Nom du corpus

Corpus Systématique Animale

Titre du document

Hepatic activities of xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes and biliary levels of xenobiotics in english sole ( Parophrys vetulus ) exposed to environmental contaminants

Lien vers le document
Éditeur
Springer (journals)
Langue(s) du document
Anglais
Type de document
Research-article
Nom du fichier dans la ressource
Poissons_v2b_003455
Auteur(s)
  • Tracy K. Collier 1
  • Usha Varanasi 1
Affiliation(s)
  • 1) Environmental Conservation Division, Northwest Fisheries Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration, 2725 Montlake Blvd. E., 98112, Seattle, Washington, USA
Résumé

English sole (Parophrys vetulus) are susceptible to the development of hepatic disease, including neoplasia, as a result of environmental exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The metabolism of PAHs, believed to be an essential factor in the development of neoplasia, has received considerable study in English sole, except that xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes (XMEs) have not been wellstudied in this species. In the present work, the activities of hepatic aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase (AHH), glutathione-S-transferase (GST), and epoxide hydrolase (EH) were measured in English sole exposed to several organic xenobiotics. These studies included an examination of the effects of captivity, the short-term responses of hepatic XME activities to several xenobiotic compounds, and detailed studies of the time- and dose-responses of hepatic XME activities to both a representative carcinogenic PAH (benzo[a]pyrene) and to a complex mixture of contaminants extracted from a sediment collected from a polluted area of Puget Sound, WA. Additionally, during the captivity and time- and dose-response studies, the levels of fluorescent aromatic compounds (FACs) were measured in the bile of the fish, both to provide an estimation of contaminant exposure and to evaluate the time- and dose-responses of this measure. The results of the captivity studies showed that the levels of FACs in bile were most affected by captivity, primarily as a result of changes in feeding status. The results of the exposure studies showed that xenobiotic metabolism, as reflected in hepatic activities of XMEs and levels of FACs in the bile, is altered by exposure to environmental contaminants. Whereas hepatic AHH activity could be rapidly and substantially increased by such exposure, activities of GST and EH were not affected, even up to 42 days after exposure. Moreover, because fish were exposed to a wide range of doses of chemicals or mixtures of chemicals which are known to be present in contaminated estuaries, and the responses of the hepatic AHH system and the levels of FACs in bile were measured at several time periods after exposure, the results provided substantial validation for the use of these two measures as bioindicators of exposure to environmental contamination in benthic fish.

Catégories Science-Metrix
  • 1 - health sciences
  • 2 - biomedical research
  • 3 - toxicology
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
  • 4 - biotechnologie
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - Pollution
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics ; 3 - Toxicology
  • 1 - Health Sciences ; 2 - Medicine ; 3 - General Medicine
Catégories WoS
  • 1 - science ; 2 - toxicology
  • 1 - science ; 2 - environmental sciences
Identifiant ISTEX
BDD4E7623A9386E7E6E7E373C710716B84A0EBC9
Revue

Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology

Année de publication
1991
Présence de XML structuré
Non
Version PDF
1.3
Score qualité du texte
10
Sous-corpus
  • Poissons
Type de publication
Journal
ark:/67375/1BB-578P91W1-H
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