Nom du corpus

Corpus Systématique Animale

Titre du document

Responses to a snake model in captive crab-eating macaques ( Macaca fascicularis ) and captive tufted capuchins ( Cebus apella )

Lien vers le document
Éditeur
Springer (journals)
Langue(s) du document
Anglais
Type de document
Research-article
Mots-clés d'auteur
  • Cebus apella
  • Macaca fascicularis
  • exploration
  • manipulation
  • snake model
Nom du fichier dans la ressource
Arthropodes_v2b_01200, Reptiles_v2b_00489
Auteur(s)
  • Augusto F. Vitale 1
  • Elisabetta Visalberghi 1
  • Carlo De Lillo 1
Affiliation(s)
  • 1) Istituto di Psicologia, reparto di Psicologia Comparata, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Via Aldrovandi, 16b, 00197, Roma, Italy
Résumé

The responses to a model snake in captive crab-eating macaques (Macaca fascicularis) and captive tufted capuchins (Cebus apella) were investigated. In both species the amount of fear behavior was higher in the presence of the model than during baseline conditions. Unlike the macaques, in the capuchins the frequency of these behaviors decreased across trials. In the two species the amount of explorative and manipulative behaviors and the use of space were also different. Unlike macaques, all capuchins manipulated the objects available in the testing room, and three subjects contacted the apparatus by using objects. Macaques did not show significant preferences for any particular part of the testing room. In both conditions, capuchins used the floor more than macaques did. Further, capuchins increased the use of the floor across experimental trials. Latency to reach the floor was higher in macaques than in capuchins. When on the floor, capuchins spent most of the time close to the snake apparatus. It is proposed that the behavioral differences between capuchins and macaques in the responses to a potential predator indicate that capuchins have a greater propensity to explore and to contact the novel stimulus directly, or by means of objects, than macaques do. These tendencies may lead to the exploitation of novel features in the environment.

Catégories Science-Metrix
  • 1 - health sciences
  • 2 - psychology & cognitive sciences
  • 3 - behavioral science & comparative psychology
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences ; 3 - Animal Science and Zoology
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences ; 3 - Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Catégories WoS
  • 1 - science ; 2 - zoology
Identifiant ISTEX
1100B84F764B894F3BB96D18EE93341176844266
Revue

International Journal of Primatology

Année de publication
1991
Présence de XML structuré
Non
Version PDF
1.3
Score qualité du texte
7.82
Sous-corpus
  • Arthropodes
  • Reptiles
Type de publication
Journal
ark:/67375/1BB-4L3LM09P-C
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