Nom du corpus

Corpus Systématique Animale

Titre du document

Biological magnification of photodieldrin by food chain organisms

Lien vers le document
Éditeur
Springer (journals)
Langue(s) du document
Anglais
Type de document
Research-article
Nom du fichier dans la ressource
Poissons_v2b_004738
Auteur(s)
  • H. M. Khan 1
  • M. A. Q. Khan 1
Affiliation(s)
  • 1) Department of Biological Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago Circle, 60680, Chicago, Illinois
Résumé

Species differences were seen among fresh-water invertebrates and fishes in the absorption and subsequent retention of photodieldrin (a sunlight conversion product of the insecticide, dieldrin). The crayfishCambarus and the clamSimpsoniconcha showed extremely low levels of absorption and accumulation while the larvae of the mosquitoAedes, the amphipodGammarus, and the cladoceransSimocephalus, and fresh-water fleaDaphnia showed much higher levels of this insecticide. Maximum absorption occurred within 12 to 24 hours of exposure in only a few invertebrates but in most fishes. Among fishes, five to six times higher levels were seen during this period in guppy and goldfish than in minnow and bluegill. While the livebearer, guppy, kept absorbing photodieldrin with time, other fishes showed a slight decline in their tissue levels of this insecticide. The maximum biological magnification ratios during peak periods of absorption were: 133 for bluegill, 150 for minnow, 609 for goldfish, and 820 for guppy. Among microcrustacea the maximum biological magnification ratios seen after four days of continuous exposure were about 1000 forSimocephalus, 1200 forGammarus, and 63,000 forDaphnia. No appreciablein vivo metabolism of photodieldrin was seen in fishes, minnow and bluegill, and the decline in their body levels of photodieldrin is apparently not due to detoxication of the latter.

Catégories Science-Metrix
  • 1 - health sciences
  • 2 - biomedical research
  • 3 - toxicology
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
  • 4 - psychologie. psychophysiologie
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - Pollution
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics ; 3 - Toxicology
  • 1 - Health Sciences ; 2 - Medicine ; 3 - General Medicine
Catégories WoS
  • 1 - science ; 2 - toxicology
  • 1 - science ; 2 - environmental sciences
Identifiant ISTEX
792D292D73D6CD0CCB952788DA1B421B48C901E9
Revue

Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology

Année de publication
1974
Présence de XML structuré
Non
Version PDF
1.3
Score qualité du texte
8.414
Sous-corpus
  • Poissons
Type de publication
Journal
ark:/67375/1BB-4K04H0QV-R
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