Nom du corpus

Corpus Systématique Animale

Titre du document

Chemoecological role of mammalian urine in host location by tsetse, Glossina spp. (Diptera: Glossinidae)

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Springer (journals)
Langue(s) du document
Type de document
Mots-clés d'auteur
  • Tsetse
  • Glossina
  • host location
  • mammalian urine
  • phenols
  • attraction
  • nonhosts
Nom du fichier dans la ressource
  • L. Chuka Madubunyi 1
  • A. Hassanali 1
  • W. Ouma 1
  • D. Nyarango 1
  • J. Kabii 1
  • 1) The International Center of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE), P. O. Box 30772, Nairobi, Kenya

Trap catch size was used to investigate whetherGlossina pallidipes andG. longipennis could distinguish between the urine of the African buffalo, cattle, and waterbuck at Nguruman in southwest Kenya. NG2G traps baited with aged urine of these bovids caught significantly more of each tsetse than did the controls. The mean catch of either tsetse species in traps baited with aged urine of buffalo and cattle (tsetse hosts) and waterbuck (a nonhost) did not differ significantly. Aged urine from both tsetse hosts (buffalo and cattle) and the nonhost (waterbuck) was found to contain 4-cresol and 3-n-propylphenol in about the same ratio. However, the aged urine from other tsetse hosts (bushpig and warthog) lacked 3-n-propylphenol. Cattle urine had to be aged outside the soil to produce statistically significant increases in the trap catch ofG. pallidipes. Furthermore, patches of soil on which fresh urine of cattle was deposited, and in which it was aged, failed to effect a significant increase in the trap catch of eitherG. austeni, G. brevipalpis, orG. pallidipes as Gazi, southeast Kenya. The likelihood of tsetse either differentiating its hosts from nonhosts or locating favored hosts by the urine scent appears remote under natural conditions. It is more likely that the chemical signals critical for host location by the tsetse emanate from skin glands rather than volatilize from the urine of mammals.

Catégories Science-Metrix
  • 1 - natural sciences
  • 2 - biology
  • 3 - entomology
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
  • 4 - vecteurs d'importance medicale, nuisances, depredateurs des denrees et materiaux: surveillance des populations et lutte
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology ; 3 - Biochemistry
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences ; 3 - Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • 1 - Health Sciences ; 2 - Medicine ; 3 - General Medicine
Catégories WoS
  • 1 - science ; 2 - ecology
  • 1 - science ; 2 - biochemistry & molecular biology
Identifiant ISTEX

Journal of Chemical Ecology

Année de publication
Présence de XML structuré
Version PDF
Score qualité du texte
  • Mammiferes
Type de publication
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