Gastric evacuation of different foods by Nephrops norvegicus (Crustacea: Decapoda) and estimation of soft tissue ingested, maximum food intake and cannibalism in captivity
Gastric evacuation, maximum food intake and mortality during starvation were studied inNephrops norvegicus (L.) by means of simple laboratory experiments. Lobsters were collected by trawling off Barcelona (northwest Spain) at 400 m depth in winter 1986, and were held individually or in groups and fed different types of food:Nereis spp. (soft tissue, muscle), some species of Crangonidae (mostly hard tissue, carapace) andEngraulis encrassicolus (soft and hard tissues, combined muscles and bones). The digested matter was subsequently examined and analyzed from the stomach contents. Laboratory results were compared with the stomach contents of individuals collected from the field. Gastric evaluation was calculated as weight of stomach contents at Timet = stomach-content weight × 100:weight of food ration — residual weight of food, and the characteristic appearance of identifiable food items at different digestion times (0.5, 1, 2, 3, and 5 h) was recorded and illustrated, providing a basis for establishing the time of ingestion of the last meal and the underestimation of soft, compared to hard tissues. Underestimation of soft tissues may yield errors which constitute up to 10% of the soft food actually ingested. Maximum food intake was estimated at 0.25 g g?1 body wt d?1, and feeding did not recommence until 24 h after a previous meal. Finally, we present data on mortality resulting from cannibalism which occurred in conjunction with starvation: this ranged from 0% in isolated individuals to 36.6% in individuals held in groups.
- 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
- 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
- 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
- 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - Ecology
- 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences ; 3 - Aquatic Science
- 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences ; 3 - Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics