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Corpus Systématique Animale

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Foraging guilds of North American birds

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Springer (journals)
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  • Richard M. De Graaf 1
  • Nancy G. Tilghman 2
  • Stanley H. Anderson 3
  • 1) USDA Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station, University of Massachusetts, 01003, Amherst, Massachusetts, USA
  • 2) Northeastern Forest Experiment Station, USDA Forest Service, 16365, Warren, Pennsylvania, USA
  • 3) USDI Fish and Wildlife Service, Wyoming Cooperative Wildlife Research Unit, University of Wyoming, 82071, Laramie, Wyoming, USA

We propose a foraging guild classification for North American inland, coastal, and pelagic birds. This classification uses a three-part identification for each guild—major food, feeding substrate, and foraging technique—to classify 672 species of birds in both the breeding and nonbreeding seasons. We have attempted to group species that use similar resources in similar ways. Researchers have identified foraging guilds generally by examining species distributions along one or more defined environmental axes. Such studies frequently result in species with several guild designations. While the continuance of these studies is important, to accurately describe species' functional roles, managers need methods to consider many species simultaneously when trying to determine the impacts of habitat alteration. Thus, we present an avian foraging classification as a starting point for further discussion to aid those faced with the task of describing community effects of habitat change.

Catégories Science-Metrix
  • 1 - natural sciences
  • 2 - biology
  • 3 - ecology
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
  • 4 - psychologie. psychophysiologie
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - Pollution
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - Ecology
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - Global and Planetary Change
Catégories WoS
  • 1 - science ; 2 - environmental sciences
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Environmental Management

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