Nom du corpus

Corpus Systématique Animale

Titre du document

Chromosome homology and heterochromatin in goat, sheep and ox studied by banding techniques

Lien vers le document
Éditeur
Springer (journals)
Langue(s) du document
Anglais
Type de document
Research-article
Nom du fichier dans la ressource
Mammiferes_v2b_02065
Auteur(s)
  • H. J. Evans 1
  • R. A. Buckland 1
  • A. T. Sumner 1
Affiliation(s)
  • 1) MRC Clinical and Population Cytogenetics Unit, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh, Scotland
Résumé

Peripheral blood lymphocyte metaphase chromosomes of three Bovoidean species have been studied using Quinacrine fluorescence and Giemsa banding techniques to give Q-, G-, and C-banding patterns. Q- and G-banding characteristics, coupled with chromosome length, enabled all of the chromosomes in each of the chromosome complements to be clearly distinguished, although some difficulties were encountered with the very smallest chromosomes. A comparison of G-banding patterns between the species revealed a remarkable degree of homology of banding patterns. Each of the 23 different acrocentric autosomes of the domestic sheep (2n=54) was represented by an identical chromosome in the goat (2n=60) and the arms of the 3 pairs of sheep metacentric autosomes were identical matches with the remaining 6 goat acrocentrics. A similar interspecies homology was evident for all but two of the autosomes in the ox (2n=60). This homology between sheep metacentric and goat acrocentric elements confirms a previously suggested Robertsonian variation. The close homology in G-banding patterns between these related species indicates that the banding patterns are evolutionarily conservative and may be a useful guide in assessing interspecific relationships. —The centromeric heterochromatin in the autosomes of the three species was found to show little or no Q-or G-staining, in contrast to the sex chromosomes. This lack of centromeric staining with the G-technique (ASG) contrasts markedly with results obtained with other mammalian species. However, with the C-banding technique these regions show a normal intense Giemsa stain and the C-bands in the sex chromosomes are inconspicuous. The amount of centromeric heterochromatin in the sheep metacentric chromosomes is considerable less than in the acrocentric autosomes or in a newly derived metacentric element discovered in a goat. It is suggested that the pale G-staining of the centromeric heterochromatin in these species might be related to the presence of G-Crich satellite DNA.

Catégories Science-Metrix
  • 1 - health sciences
  • 2 - biomedical research
  • 3 - developmental biology
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Health Sciences ; 2 - Medicine ; 3 - Genetics(clinical)
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology ; 3 - Genetics
Catégories WoS
  • 1 - science ; 2 - genetics & heredity
  • 1 - science ; 2 - biochemistry & molecular biology
Identifiant ISTEX
78CAFFA16E36098135D67DBC40E849A164EF4652
Revue

Chromosoma

Année de publication
1973
Présence de XML structuré
Non
Version PDF
1.3
Score qualité du texte
10
Sous-corpus
  • Mammiferes
Type de publication
Journal
ark:/67375/1BB-2S3J332B-2
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