Observations on the life-cycles of two haploporid trematodes, Carassotrema bengalense Rekharani & Madhavi, 1985 and Saccocoelioides martini Madhavi, 1979
The life-cycles of two species of haploporid trematodes, Carassotrema bengalense Rekharani & Madhavi, 1985 and Saccocoelioides martini Madhavi, 1979, are illustrated. The molluscan host of the two species is the prosobranch gastropod Stenothyra blanfordiana (Nevill), which occurs in abundance in Chilka Lake, a large brackish-water lagoon. The cercariae are gymnocephalous, bi-ocellate and distomate. The cercaria of C. bengalense is characterised by the presence of thin lateral expansions of the tail, long tubular caeca, dense cystogenous glands and a Y-shaped excretory bladder. The cercaria of S. martini, on the other hand, has a simple tail, a prominent pharynx, short elliptical caeca lined by tall cells and an I-shaped excretory bladder. Both of the cercariae encyst on algae. Adults of C. bengalense occur in Mugil cephalus L. and Valamugil cunnesius (Val.), while those of S. martini occur in M. cephalus, Liza macrolepis (Smith), Etroplus suratensis (Bloch) and Hilsa ilisha (Hamilton).
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