Nom du corpus

Corpus Systématique Animale

Titre du document

Lycaenids parasitizing symbiotic plant-ant partnerships

Lien vers le document
Éditeur
Springer (journals)
Langue(s) du document
Anglais
Type de document
Research-article
Nom du fichier dans la ressource
Insectes_v2b_00282
Auteur(s)
  • Ulrich Maschwitz 1
  • Martin Schroth 1
  • Heinz Hänel 1
  • Tho Yow Pong 1
Affiliation(s)
  • 1) Fachbereich Biologie an der J.W. Goethe Universität, 6000, Frankfurt, Germany
Résumé

Many species of the paleotropic plant genus Macaranga (Euphorbiaceae) live in symbiosis with the ant genus Cremastogaster (Myrmicinae), especially with C. borneensis. The ants protect their plants from many herbivorous enemies. The plants provide food-bodies and nesting space in the internodes. In addition the ants care for honeydew producing scale insects in these spaces. The caterpillars of several species of the genus Arhopala (Lycaenidae) parasitize on this symbiosis system. With the aid of their myrmecophilic organs the caterpillars overcome the aggressivity of the ants and feed on the Macaranga leaves without disturbance. Moreover the caterpillars and their pupae are protected against parasites and predators by the ants. As the female butterflies oviposit the eggs only in low numbers upon young leaves, the plants are not seriously affected. The larvae of the three Arhopala species; A. amphimuta, A. moolaiana, and A. zylda are adapted to their host plant species Macaranga triloba, M. hulletti, and M. hypoleuca by means of color, shape, and behavior. In addition, the different larval stages change their appearance according to the parts of the plant on which they feed and rest. These cryptic adaptations point to a distinct monophagy of these butterflies. The state of phylogenetic relationship within the three lycaenids is parallel to the relationship among the three host plants.

Catégories Science-Metrix
  • 1 - natural sciences
  • 2 - biology
  • 3 - ecology
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
  • 4 - ecologie animale, vegetale et microbienne
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences ; 3 - Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Catégories WoS
  • 1 - science ; 2 - ecology
Identifiant ISTEX
C437E55B38658C457A5B5EF07B680E79EB92B381
Revue

Oecologia

Année de publication
1984
Présence de XML structuré
Non
Version PDF
1.3
Score qualité du texte
6.7
Sous-corpus
  • Insectes
Type de publication
Journal
ark:/67375/1BB-2KH8K4XZ-L
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