Nom du corpus

Corpus Systématique Animale

Titre du document

Stomach contents of the Antarctic Silverfish Pleuragramma antarcticum from the southern and eastern Weddell Sea (Antarctica)

Lien vers le document
Éditeur
Springer (journals)
Langue(s) du document
Anglais
Type de document
Research-article
Nom du fichier dans la ressource
Poissons_v2b_001434
Auteur(s)
  • Gerd Hubold
Affiliation(s)
  • Alfred-Wegener-Institut für Polarforschung, Columbus-Center, D-2850, Bremerhaven, Germany
Résumé

The stomach contents of 142 Pleuragramma antarcticum from the southernmost part of the Weddell Sea (Gould Bay: 77°19?S) and from the eastern coast (72°–74°S) were analyzed. The fish were collected in February 1983 and stored frozen. Size range of the investigated specimens was from 6.4 cm SL (7.3 cm TL) to 21.9 cm SL (24.1 cm TL). The fish were caught by bottom trawl (Gould Bay) and Agassiz Trawl and pelagic RMT-m net in the upper 300 m layer at the eastern coast, respectively. Thirty-six stomachs were empty or contained sand only. The most important prey in terms of biomass were euphausiids, which occurred in 49 stomachs at a mean number of 2. Their dry weight was estimated to be 15–50 times that of the next important food items, which were copepods, gastropods and gammarids. Krill (Euphausia superba) constituted up to 14% of the euphausiids in the diet of fish caught in the eastern Weddell Sea. The rest was usually made up by Euphausia crystallorophias. This species was taken with preference even when the abundance of E. superba in accompanying plankton catches was 16 times higher. In the Gould Bay, gastropods were frequently eaten despite high numbers of copepods in the plankton, whereas in the eastern Weddell Sea, copepods were abundant both in plankton and in the stomach content. The almost complete absence of the early stages of fish in the diet of Pleuragramma antarcticum in the southern and eastern Weddell Sea is due to a pronounced vertical segregation of fish of different sizes. This distribution pattern is thought to be an adaptive mechanism to avoid intraspecific predation, as 90% of the ichthyoplankton in that area is Pleuragramma antarcticum.

Catégories Science-Metrix
  • 1 - natural sciences
  • 2 - biology
  • 3 - marine biology & hydrobiology
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
  • 4 - ecologie animale, vegetale et microbienne
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences ; 3 - General Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Catégories WoS
  • 1 - science ; 2 - ecology
  • 1 - science ; 2 - biodiversity conservation
Identifiant ISTEX
D2279AA4998F87BF9803958E11B708F697F7A1CD
Revue

Polar Biology

Année de publication
1985
Présence de XML structuré
Non
Version PDF
1.3
Score qualité du texte
8.587
Sous-corpus
  • Poissons
Type de publication
Journal
ark:/67375/1BB-2HZL935H-5
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