Nom du corpus

Corpus Systématique Animale

Titre du document

Cascading trophic interactions: Uncoupling at the zooplanktonphytoplankton link

Lien vers le document
Éditeur
Springer (journals)
Langue(s) du document
Anglais
Type de document
Research-article
Mots-clés d'auteur
  • cascading trophic interaction theory
  • biomanipulation
Nom du fichier dans la ressource
Arthropodes_v2b_01477, Poissons_v2b_003892
Auteur(s)
  • D. J. McQueen 1
  • J. R. Post 1
Affiliation(s)
  • 1) Department of Biology, York University, 4700 Keele Street, M3J IP3, Toronto, Ont., Canada
Résumé

Four limnocorrals (8 m dia. by 15 m deep) located at Lake St. George, Ontario, Canada; were used to examine the interactions between planktivorous fish, crustacean zooplankton (notably Daphnia galeata mendotae), and phytoplankton. During the spring, in all of the limnocorrals, high Daphnia biomasses were correlated with increased water transparency and a spring ‘clear-water’ phase. However, as the summer progressed, the relationship between Daphnia biomass and phytoplankton abundance became more complex and less predictable. Investigation of these interactions suggested four conclusions. (1) During late July and throughout August and September, water transparency decreased and algal cell counts increased. In 3 of 4 limnocorrals, deterioration in water quality occurred 3–5 weeks before zooplankton (and Daphnia populations) declined. In all cases decreased transparency was associated with increased concentrations of algal cells (Gloeococcus) that were poor food sources for Daphnia. These results suggested that decreased water transparency was not ‘caused by’ decreases in Daphnia biomass. (2) Taken together, data from all of the limnocorrals showed no correlation between the magnitude of July Daphnia biomasses and the percentage of ‘poor food source’ algae that were observed in August. This suggested that grazer effects were not necessary for the onset of summer ‘poor food source’ algal blooms. (3) In two limnocorrals, there was a positive correlation between increased Daphnia mortality and the onset of ‘poor food source’ blooms. In the other two limnocorrals there was no correlation. In all limnocorrals there was no correlation between decreased Daphnia reproductive capacity and ‘poor food source’ blooms. These data suggested that blooms of ‘poor food source’ algae were not necessary for the collapse of Daphnia populations. (4) In all 4 limnocorrals there was a strong correlation between the time that 0+ yellow perch planktivores reached biomasses of 30–50 kg ha?1 and the collapse of Daphnia populations Species and size selection was also observed. These results suggested that for this set of limnocorral experiments, fish biomasses in the 30–50 kg ha?1 were responsible for the collapse of Daphnia populations in the summer.

Catégories Science-Metrix
  • 1 - natural sciences
  • 2 - biology
  • 3 - marine biology & hydrobiology
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences ; 3 - Aquatic Science
Catégories WoS
  • 1 - science ; 2 - marine & freshwater biology
Identifiant ISTEX
0D8D22BB5B9BCFCB4E73487536E0D52DAE3917E3
Revue

Hydrobiologia

Année de publication
1988
Présence de XML structuré
Non
Version PDF
1.3
Score qualité du texte
10
Sous-corpus
  • Arthropodes
  • Poissons
Type de publication
Journal
ark:/67375/1BB-25XXL37C-7
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