Nom du corpus

Corpus Systématique Animale

Titre du document

Waterborne and sediment-source toxicities of six organic chemicals to grass shrimp ( Palaemonetes pugio ) and amphioxus ( Branchiostoma caribaeum )

Lien vers le document
Éditeur
Springer (journals)
Langue(s) du document
Anglais
Type de document
Research-article
Nom du fichier dans la ressource
Arthropodes_v2b_01804
Auteur(s)
  • James R. Clark 1
  • James M. Patrick Jr. 1
  • James C. Moore 1
  • Emile M. Lores 1
Affiliation(s)
  • 1) U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Environmental Research Laboratory, 32561, Gulf Breeze, Florida
Résumé

Grass shrimp (Palaemonetes pugio) were exposed to either waterborne or sediment-source concentrations of fenvalerate, cypermethrin, 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene (TCB), tributyltin oxide (TBTO), triphenyltin oxide, and di-n-butylphthalate in static or flow-through test systems. Similarly, amphioxus (Branchiostoma caribaeum) were tested with fenvalerate, TCB, and TBTO. The LC50 and no-effect and 100% mortality concentrations are reported from 96-hr and 10-day tests. The toxicity of contaminated sediments could be explained by chemical partitioning into overlying or interstitial water. Amphioxus is not recommended as a routine test species because of (1) difficulty in distinguishing severely affected from dead individuals, (2) inability to determine the status of burrowed animals without disrupting sediment, (3) their relative lack of sensitivity in acute exposures to toxic chemicals, and (4) difficulty in routine collection of sufficient numbers of animals. Grass shrimp, however, are useful as an epibenthic test species for waterborne and sediment-source toxicants.

Catégories Science-Metrix
  • 1 - health sciences
  • 2 - biomedical research
  • 3 - toxicology
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
  • 4 - psychologie. psychophysiologie
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - Pollution
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics ; 3 - Toxicology
  • 1 - Health Sciences ; 2 - Medicine ; 3 - General Medicine
Catégories WoS
  • 1 - science ; 2 - toxicology
  • 1 - science ; 2 - environmental sciences
Identifiant ISTEX
F7DE38312DB767ACB89C70B4E9720700F25E605F
Revue

Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology

Année de publication
1987
Présence de XML structuré
Non
Version PDF
1.3
Score qualité du texte
7.668
Sous-corpus
  • Arthropodes
Type de publication
Journal
ark:/67375/1BB-23B4KQZS-Q
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