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Corpus Systématique Animale

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Differential habitat use by Cebus apella and Saimiri sciureus in central surinam

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  • John G. Fleagle 1,2
  • Russell A. Mittermeier 1,2
  • Arthur L. Skopec 3
  • 1) Department of Anatomical Sciences, Health Sciences Center, State University of New York at Stoney Brook, 11794, Long Island, New York, U.S.A
  • 2) World Wildlife Fund-U.S., 1601 Connecticut Avenue, N. W., 20009, Washington, D. C., U.S.A
  • 3) Graduate Center, City University of New York, 10036, New York, New York, U.S.A

Cebus apella, the black-capped or tufted capuchin, andSaimiri sciureus, the squirrel monkey, are frequently found in mixed species feeding and foraging groups throughout tropical South America and have been reported previously to show marked differences in techniques of insect foraging. Individuals of these taxa observed in central Surinam show numerous additional species-specific differences in other aspects of habitat utilization including gross dietary preferences, utilization of forest strata, locomotor behavior and arboreal support preferences.Cebus apella is more frugivorous, frequents the middle and lower levels of the main canopy, is predominantly quadrupedal and moves on medium-sized arboreal supports. By contrast, the smallerSaimiri sciureus is more insectivorous, frequents the lower strata of the forest, is more saltatory and moves on the smallest arboreal supports. Many of these differences in habitat use are interrelated and accord with patterns of habitat use seen in other primate taxa. The differences betweenCebus apella andSaimiri sciureus also accord with the types of behavioral differences frequently associated with differences in body size.

Catégories Science-Metrix
  • 1 - health sciences
  • 2 - psychology & cognitive sciences
  • 3 - behavioral science & comparative psychology
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
  • 4 - psychologie. psychophysiologie
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences ; 3 - Animal Science and Zoology
Catégories WoS
  • 1 - science ; 2 - zoology
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