Nom du corpus

Corpus Systématique Animale

Titre du document

Toxicity and bioconcentration of selected organophosphorus pesticides in Mytilus galloprovincialis and Venus gallina

Lien vers le document
Éditeur
Springer (journals)
Langue(s) du document
Anglais
Type de document
Research-article
Nom du fichier dans la ressource
Mollusques_v2b_00804
Auteur(s)
  • R. Serrano 1
  • F. Hernández 1
  • J. B. Peña 2
  • V. Dosda 1
  • J. Canales 2
Affiliation(s)
  • 1) Analytical Chemistry, Experimental Sciences Department, University “Jaume I”, P.O. Box 224, 12080, Castellón, Spain
  • 2) Institute of Aquaculture of Torre de la Sal (C.S.I.C.), Ribera de Cabanes, 12595, Castellón, Spain
Résumé

A study on toxicity and bioconcentration of the organophosphorus pesticides dimethoate, methidathion, chlorfenvinphos, chlorpyrifos, and phosmet has been carried out for two species of mollusc (Mytilus galloprovincialis and Venus gallina). The LC50 (96-h) and NOLC (not observable lethal concentration) values were determined and some sublethal effects (the development of functional byssus for M. galloprovincialis and response speed at mechanical stimulation for both) were recorded at nominal pesticide concentrations of 1, 3.2, 5.6, 10, and 32 mg/L; and 56 mg/L only in M. galloprovincialis. Methidathion, chlorfenvinphos, and chlorpyrifos produced mortality and sublethal effects on M. galloprovincialis, but no effect was observed on V. gallina at the concentrations tested. Dimethoate and phosmet did not cause appreciable effects on either of the two species tested. Toxicity of the organophosphorus pesticides tested varied from moderate toxicity to no-effect (in acute tests), depending on the compound and organism that was tested. Pesticides residue analyses of the soft tissue of exposed molluscs showed that toxic pesticides can be bioconcentrated in short time periods. The levels of chlorpyrifos and methidathion in the two molluscs are related to the concentration in water and are also somewhat related to the percentage of mortality in M. galloprovincialis. V. gallina concentrated large amounts of pesticides in its tissues in short time periods with no observable toxic effects after 96-h. Bioconcentration of pesticide residues could produce serious risks to public health due to the consumption of these contaminated organisms.

Catégories Science-Metrix
  • 1 - health sciences
  • 2 - biomedical research
  • 3 - toxicology
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
  • 4 - ecologie animale, vegetale et microbienne
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - Pollution
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics ; 3 - Toxicology
  • 1 - Health Sciences ; 2 - Medicine ; 3 - General Medicine
Catégories WoS
  • 1 - science ; 2 - toxicology
  • 1 - science ; 2 - environmental sciences
Identifiant ISTEX
4D17BBC17A08498F30C6BEC4EB1F0E79CAACDFA4
Revue

Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology

Année de publication
1995
Présence de XML structuré
Non
Version PDF
1.3
Score qualité du texte
9.856
Sous-corpus
  • Mollusques
Type de publication
Journal
ark:/67375/1BB-0HP7NN9F-V
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