Nom du corpus

Corpus Systématique Animale

Titre du document

The effects of liming on juvenile stocks of Atlantic salmon ( Salmo salar ) and brown trout ( Salmo trutta ) in a Norwegian river

Lien vers le document
Éditeur
Springer (journals)
Langue(s) du document
Anglais
Type de document
Research-article
Mots-clés d'auteur
  • Liming
  • river
  • salmonids
  • density
  • production
Nom du fichier dans la ressource
Poissons_v2b_001440
Auteur(s)
  • B. M. Larsen 1
  • T. Hesthagen 1
Affiliation(s)
  • 1) Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, Tungasletta 2, N-7005, Trondheim, Norway
Résumé

The effects of liming on juvenile stocks of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and brown trout (Salmo trutta) in the river Vikedalselva in southwestern Norway were assessed. From 1987 to 1989, the river was limed only during the spring snow melt, and pH varied in the range between 5.5 and 7.0. In 1990 to 1993, the river was limed to pH 6.2 from 15 February to 1 June and to pH 5.7 during the rest of the year. Since 1994, the pH during late winter and spring was maintained above 6.5. Prior to liming fish kills were evident during spring snow melt, but these have not occurred since liming. Electrofishing in the autumn between 1981 and 1994 showed no significant change in densities of juvenile salmon and brown trout after liming, mean densities ranged between 19–50 and 9–32 individuals 100 m?2 respectively. A significant linear correlation between production and biomass of both species was found, indicating that factors directly controlling density affect juvenile production and cause production to remain below carrying capacity. In spite of a clear increase in pH and a reduction in the concentration of labile aluminium after liming, the conditions still do not seem to be optimal for juvenile salmonids. We suggest that a complexity of different factors impose limitations on fish production in the river: inadequate egg deposition, environmental factors such as water temperature and flow, osmoregulatory failure in mixing zones between limed and acidic water and gill damage through deposition of aluminium and iron. However, there are several indications of a reduction in toxic effects after the pH was raised to 6.5 during spring snow melt.

Catégories Science-Metrix
  • 1 - natural sciences
  • 2 - earth & environmental sciences
  • 3 - environmental sciences
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - Pollution
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - Water Science and Technology
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - Ecological Modelling
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - Environmental Chemistry
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - Environmental Engineering
Catégories WoS
  • 1 - science ; 2 - water resources
  • 1 - science ; 2 - meteorology & atmospheric sciences
  • 1 - science ; 2 - environmental sciences
Identifiant ISTEX
801D92A79075894F1976637358311D546713C707
Revue

Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

Année de publication
1995
Présence de XML structuré
Non
Version PDF
1.3
Score qualité du texte
7.883
Sous-corpus
  • Poissons
Type de publication
Journal
ark:/67375/1BB-0HG2FTWV-J
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