Nom du corpus

Corpus Systématique Animale

Titre du document

Aflatoxin accumulation in preharvest maize kernels: Interaction of three fungal species, european corn borer and two hybrids

Lien vers le document
Springer (journals)
Langue(s) du document
Type de document
Mots-clés d'auteur
  • Aflatoxin
  • Aspergillus flavus
  • Zea mays
  • Ostrinia nubilalis
  • Mycotoxins
  • Naturally-occurring toxins
Nom du fichier dans la ressource
  • E. B. Lillehoj 1
  • W. F. Kwolek 2,3,4,5
  • W. D. Guthrie 2,3,4,5
  • D. Barry 2,3,4,5
  • W. W. McMillian 2,3,4,5
  • N. W. Widstrom 2,3,4,5
  • 1) Southern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Dep. Agric., P.O. Box 19687, 70179, New Orleans, LA
  • 2) Northern Regional Research Center, USDA, 61604, Peoria, IL
  • 3) Corn Insects Res., USDA, 50021, Ankeny, IA
  • 4) Crops Prod. Unit, USDA, 65201, Columbia, MO
  • 5) Southern Grain Insects Lab., USDA, 31794, Tifton, GA

The interaction was studied among: 1) developing maize kernels (Zea mays L.); 2) European Corn Borer (ECB) (Ostrinia nubilalis Hubner); 3) and three fungal species,Aspergillus flavus Lk. ex Fr.,Penicillium oxalcium Currie and Thom, andFusarium moniliforme Sheld. Two hybrids with varying degrees of resistance to ECB stalk damage were grown in Iowa, Georgia, and Missouri in 1980. One-half of the plots were hand-infested with ECB egg masses. Fungal spores of individual isolates or combinations of the three species were introduced into the silk channels of developing ears in designated plots. ECB larvae were subsequently collected from developing ears. A higher incidence ofA. flavus group isolates was observed in ECB larvae collected from ears that had been inoculated withA. flavus than from insects collected from control ears. Although the resistant hybrid exhibited reduced ECB stalk damage compared with the susceptible variety, no consistent pattern of hybrid effect on the association betweenA. flavus and ECB was observed at all three locations. Differences in aflatoxin B1 levels in mature kernels from the three locations ranged from 8 ppb in Iowa samples to 419 ppb in Missouri kernels. Conditions during crop development at the Missouri location were particularly conducive to elevated presence ofA. flavus propagules in ECB larvae, increased ECB-mediated stalk damage, and greater toxin concentration in mature kernels.

Catégories Science-Metrix
  • 1 - applied sciences
  • 2 - agriculture, fisheries & forestry
  • 3 - agronomy & agriculture
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences ; 3 - Plant Science
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences ; 3 - Soil Science
Catégories WoS
  • 1 - science ; 2 - soil science
  • 1 - science ; 2 - plant sciences
  • 1 - science ; 2 - agronomy
Identifiant ISTEX

Plant and Soil

Année de publication
Présence de XML structuré
Version PDF
Score qualité du texte
  • Insectes
Type de publication
Powered by Lodex 9.3.8