Nom du corpus

Corpus Systématique Animale

Titre du document

Predicted effects of increasing salinity on the crustacean zooplankton community of Pyramid Lake, Nevada

Lien vers le document
Éditeur
Springer (journals)
Langue(s) du document
Anglais
Type de document
Research-article
Mots-clés d'auteur
  • saline lakes
  • bioassay
  • microcosm
  • Pyramid Lake
  • salinity tolerance
  • zooplankton
Nom du fichier dans la ressource
Arthropodes_v2b_01474
Auteur(s)
  • D. L. Galat 1
  • R. Robinson 2
Affiliation(s)
  • 1) Colorado Cooperative Fishery Research Unit, Colorado State University, 80523, Ft. Collins, CO, U.S.A.
  • 2) Lockheed Ocean Science Laboratories, 6350 Yarrow Drive, Suite A, 92008, Carlsbad, CA, U.S.A.
Résumé

Since 1933 the salinity of Pyramid Lake, Nevada, U.S.A., has increased 32% to nearly 5.5‰. We tested the hypothesis that further increases of 1.5 to 2 times (1.5× to 2×) its present salinity would significantly reduce species richness and alter population structures of the existing crustacean zooplankton community. Three strategies were applied: in addition to monitoring zooplankton in semicontrolled indoor microcosms at 1×, 1.5× and 2× and conducting range-finding, acute, and chronic salinity bioassays, the present zooplankton community of Walker Lake (2×) was compared with that existing in Pyramid Lake (1×). Ceriodaphnia quadrangula and Diaphanosoma leuchtenbergianum, both collected from Pyramid Lake, were lacking in Walker Lake. Populations of Cyclops vernalis were significantly lower and those of Diaptomus sicilis and Moina hutchinsoni were significantly higher in Walker Lake than in Pyramid Lake. Densities of Ceriodaphnia and Cyclops were low in microcosms at salinities > 1×. Diaphanosoma could not be maintained in microcosms, regardless of salinity. Numbers of Diaptomus and Moina in microcosms were proportional to salinity level. Short-term LC50 salinities (‰) were as follows: Diaphanosoma, 6.5; Ceriodaphnia, 7.1; Diaptomus, 13.3; Cyclops, 14.8; and Moina, 17.8. Multiple-generation, chronic bioassays were run only on Cyclops and Diaptomus. Three generations of Cyclops were produced at salinities of 4.0 to 8.5‰, but not at 9.8‰ or higher. Diaptomus was unable to complete three generations at salinities ?9.6‰. We speculate that high salinity in Walker Lake may indirectly benefit Diaptomus by negatively affecting predatory Cyclops, and benefit Moina by causing extinction of competing salinity-intolerant Diaphanosoma and Ceriodaphnia. Except for the response of Diaptomus, results from bioassays were in general agreement with results from microcosms and with field data. Untested predator-prey interactions could be responsible for the apparent discrepancy.

Catégories Science-Metrix
  • 1 - natural sciences
  • 2 - biology
  • 3 - marine biology & hydrobiology
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
  • 4 - vertebres: endocrinologie
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences ; 3 - Aquatic Science
Catégories WoS
  • 1 - science ; 2 - marine & freshwater biology
Identifiant ISTEX
1285943102E7CC5F55A51EC4CFB83F93176FDCCF
Revue

Hydrobiologia

Année de publication
1983
Présence de XML structuré
Non
Version PDF
1.3
Score qualité du texte
10
Sous-corpus
  • Arthropodes
Type de publication
Journal
ark:/67375/1BB-09SCW6FW-J
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