Contrary choices: possible exploitation of enemy-free space by herbivorous insects in cultivated vs. wild crucifers
The pressure to escape natural enemies may shape how herbivorous insects use their plant resources. On wild crucifers, ovipositional preferences of the diamondback moth (Plutella xylostella; DBM) were similar to searching preferences of its main parasitoid, an ichneumonid wasp (Diadegma insulare). But on cultivated crucifers, these species had opposite preferences. In addition, DBM ovipositional preferences did not correlate with growth or reproduction on several foodplants. We interpret these patterns as evidence of evolution for use of enemy-free space in agricultural systems.
- 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
- 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
- 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
- 4 - invertebres
- 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences ; 3 - Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics