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Corpus Systématique Animale

Titre du document

Short-term ecological effects of an offshore wind farm in the Dutch coastal zone;acompilation

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Mots-clés d'auteur
  • offshore wind farm
  • ecological effects
  • marine ecosystems
  • benthos
  • fishes
  • birds
  • sea mammals
Nom du fichier dans la ressource
Mollusques_v2b_00094, Oiseaux_v2b_00301, Poissons_v2b_000446
  • H J Lindeboom 1
  • H J Kouwenhoven 2
  • M J N Bergman 3
  • S Bouma 4
  • S Brasseur 1
  • R Daan 3
  • R C Fijn 4
  • D de Haan 5
  • S Dirksen 4
  • R van Hal 5
  • R Hille Ris Lambers 5
  • R ter Hofstede 5
  • K L Krijgsveld 4
  • M Leopold 1
  • M Scheidat 1
  • 1) IMARES, PO Box 167, 1790 AD Den Burg, The Netherlands
  • 2) NoordzeeWind, 2e Havenstraat 5b, 1976 CE IJmuiden, The Netherlands
  • 3) Royal NIOZ, PO Box 59, 1790 AB Den Burg, The Netherlands
  • 4) Bureau Waardenburg, PO Box 365, 4100 AJ Culemborg, The Netherlands
  • 5) IMARES, PO Box 68, 1970 AB IJmuiden, The Netherlands

The number of offshore wind farms is increasing rapidly, leading to questions about theenvironmental impact of such farms. In the Netherlands, an extensive monitoringprogramme is being executed at the first offshore wind farm (Offshore Windfarm Egmondaan Zee, OWEZ). This letter compiles the short-term (twoyears) results on a large numberof faunal groups obtained so far. Impacts were expected from the new hard substratum, themoving rotor blades, possible underwater noise and the exclusion of fisheries. The resultsindicate no short-term effects on the benthos in the sandy area between the generators,while the new hard substratum of the monopiles and the scouring protection led to theestablishment of new species and new fauna communities. Bivalve recruitmentwas not impacted by the OWEZ wind farm. Species composition of recruits inOWEZ and the surrounding reference areas is correlated with mud content of thesediment and water depth irrespective the presence of OWEZ. Recruit abundances inOWEZ were correlated with mud content, most likely to be attributed not to thepresence of the farm but to the absence of fisheries. The fish community was highlydynamic both in time and space. So far, only minor effects upon fish assemblagesespecially near the monopiles have been observed. Some fish species, such ascod, seem to find shelter inside the farm. More porpoise clicks were recordedinside the farm than in the reference areas outside the farm. Several bird speciesseem to avoid the park while others are indifferent or are even attracted. Theeffects of the wind farm on a highly variable ecosystem are described. Overall, theOWEZ wind farm acts as a new type of habitat with a higher biodiversity ofbenthic organisms, a possibly increased use of the area by the benthos, fish, marinemammals and some bird species and a decreased use by several other bird species.

Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Health Sciences ; 2 - Medicine ; 3 - Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - General Environmental Science
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Energy ; 3 - Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Catégories WoS
  • 1 - science ; 2 - meteorology & atmospheric sciences
  • 1 - science ; 2 - environmental sciences
Identifiant ISTEX

Environmental Research Letters

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  • Mollusques
  • Oiseaux
  • Poissons
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